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ERIC Number: ED020140
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TEACHING SCIENCE IN HIGH SCHOOL--WHAT IS WRONG. PAPER PRESENTED AT THE AAAS MEETING, DECEMBER 29, 1967, NEW YORK.
SKINNER, B.F.
ADVOCATED ARE RESEARCH IN SCIENCE TEACHING AND CHANGES IN EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES WHICH WILL PROMOTE THE RECRUITMENT OF ABLE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS INTO CAREERS IN SCIENCE. PART 1 OF THE PAPER DEVELOPS SUPPORT FOR THE ASSERTION THAT THE IMMEDIATE EFFECTS OF CERTAIN CLASSROOM PRACTICES ARE REINFORCING TO THE STUDENT AND TEACHER ALIKE, WHILE THEIR LONG-TERM WEAKNESSES ARE NOT SEEN, AND THE PRACTICES THEREFORE FLOURISH. MANY CURRENT INSTRUCTIONAL PRACTICES ARE ANALYZED AND SERIOUS QUESTIONS ARE RAISED AS TO THE LIMITED USE WHICH IS MADE IN TEACHER PREPARATION AND IN CLASSROOM PRACTICE OF THE KNOWLEDGE AVAILABLE ON THE PROCESSES INVOLVED IN LEARNING AND TEACHING. PART 2 DISCUSSES INSTRUCTIONAL PRACTICES WHICH THE AUTHOR BELIEVES WILL CONTRIBUTE TO IMPROVE SCIENCE INSTRUCTION. THE DESIRABILITY OF IDENTIFYING AND DEFINING TERMINAL BEHAVIORS AND THE UTILIZATION OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION IN ATTAINING THESE OUTCOMES ARE ELABORATED. CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT AND THE UTILIZATION OF VARIOUS FORMS OF REINFORCEMENT ARE RELATED TO THEIR EFFECT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF DESIRED STUDENT BEHAVIORS. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT A GENUINE IMPROVEMENT IN SCIENCE TEACHING WILL BE DIFFICULT, BUT IT MUST BE ACCOMPLISHED IF WE ARE TO CIRCUMVENT THE DISASTER WHICH WILL FOLLOW IF WE FAIL TO RECRUIT A LARGE SEGMENT OF OUR MOST INTELLIGENT AND DEDICATED MEN AND WOMEN FOR SCIENCE VOCATIONS. (DS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: American Association for Advancement of Science