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ERIC Number: ED020122
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1952
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ORIGINS OF AMERICAN SCIENTISTS.
KNAPP, R.H.; GOODRICH, H.B.
REPORTED ARE FACTORS WHICH HAVE BEEN EFFECTIVE AT THE UNDERGRADUATE LEVEL IN INFLUENCING MEN TO ENTER CAREERS IN SCIENCE. THE RESEARCH IS ESSENTIALLY DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS. PART 1 ASSESSES STATISTICALLY THE SCIENTIST PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY OF 490 UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES BY DETERMINING WHAT PROPORTION OF THEIR GRADUATES ENTERED CAREERS IN SCIENCE. THE DATA INDICATED--(1) THAT EFFECTIVENESS WAS INVERSELY RELATED TO SIZE AND VOCATIONALISM OF CURRICULAR EMPHASIS, (2) THAT THE MIDDLE AND FAR WEST WAS SUPERIOR AND THE SOUTH WAS INFERIOR IN SCIENTIST PRODUCTION, (3) THAT EITHER HIGH OR LOW TUITION INSTITUTIONS WERE LESS PRODUCTIVE THAN INSTITUTIONS OF MEDIUM COST, AND (4) THAT THE QUALITY OF THE STUDENT BODY AND THEIR CULTURAL BACKGROUND WERE IMPORTANT FACTORS IN SCIENTIST PRODUCTION. PART 2 ANALYZES FACTORS WHICH CONTRIBUTED TO SCIENTIST PRODUCTION IN 22 SELECTED LIBERAL ARTS COLLEGES. THE DATA INDICATED (1) THAT THERE WAS A TYPICAL DEVELOPMENTAL COURSE IN THE EVOLUTION OF MANY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS WHICH HAVE A DIRECT BEARING ON THE PRODUCTION OF SCIENTISTS, (2) THAT GENERAL LIBERAL ARTS TRAINING IS MORE PROPITIOUS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SCIENTISTS THAN NARROW VOCATIONALISM OF TRAINING, AND (3) THAT THE HUMAN QUALITIES OF THE INDIVIDUAL TEACHER WAS A FOREMOST FACTOR INFLUENCING A STUDENT TO THE PURSUIT OF SCIENCE. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FROM RUSSELL AND RUSSELL PUBLISHERS, 156 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10010. (DS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A