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ERIC Number: ED020024
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE INTERACTION OF FATHER-ABSENCE AND SIBLING-PRESENCE ON COGNITIVE ABILITIES.
SUTTON-SMITH, B.; AND OTHERS
THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO INVESTIGATE THE INFLUENCE UPON A CHILD'S COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FATHER'S PRESENCE IN (FP) OR ABSENCE FROM (FA) THE FAMILY IN A ONE-, TWO-, OR THREE-CHILD FAMILY. THE EFFECT OF THE SEX AND ORDINAL POSITION OF A SIBLING UPON COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT WAS ALSO CONSIDERED. DATA FOR THIS ANALYSIS WERE OBTAINED FROM SOPHOMORE STUDENTS IN AN ELEMENTARY PSYCHOLOGY COURSE AT BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY SAMPLED OVER A FIVE-YEAR PERIOD. FA SUBJECTS NUMBERED 295 AND FP SUBJECTS NUMBERED 760. ALL SUBJECTS HAD TAKEN THE ACE PSYCHOLOGICAL EXAM AS FRESHMEN. A COMPARISON WAS MADE BETWEEN THE SCORES OF FA SUBJECTS AND FB SUBJECTS ON THE ACE TEST, WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON WHEN IN THE LIFE OF THE SUBJECT THE FATHER'S ABSENCE OCCURRED AND THE LENGTH THEREOF. IN ADDITION, SCORES OF ALL SUBJECTS ON THE ACE TEST WERE COMPARED ON THE BASIS OF THE SIBLING INFORMATION OBTAINED. THE RESULTS OF THE ANALYSES SHOWED (1) THAT FA SUBJECTS SCORED CONSISTENTLY LOWER ON THE ACE TEST THAN FP SUBJECTS, (2) THAT THE EFFECT OF FATHER-ABSENCE IS MORE DELETERIOUS TO MALES THAN FEMALES EXCEPT WHERE THE MALE IS AN ONLY CHILD, (3) THAT FIRST BORN BOYS FROM FP FAMILIES, WHO HAVE A YOUNGER SISTER, SHOW HIGHER SCORES THAN BOYS WITH YOUNGER BROTHERS, (4) THAT RESULTS ARE SIMILAR FOR FIRST BORN GIRLS, (5) THAT HAVING AN OLDER SIBLING APPEARS SOMEWHAT TO OFFSET THE NEGATIVE EFFECT ON COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF FATHER-ABSENCE, AND (6) THAT THE TOTAL NUMBER OF YEARS THE FATHER WAS ABSENT APPEARS TO HAVE NO PARTICULAR EFFECT, IN AND OF ITSELF, ON EITHER MALES OR FEMALES. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bowling Green State Univ., OH.
Identifiers: N/A