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ERIC Number: ED020018
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr-30
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A DEVELOPMENTAL STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN REACTION-TIME AND PROBLEM-SOLVING EFFICIENCY. FINAL REPORT.
FRIEDMAN, STANLEY R.
MANY STUDIES HAVE INDICATED THE PRESENCE OF A SLUMP OR INVERSION IN THE PROBLEM-SOLVING EFFICIENCY OF CHILDREN AT THE FOURTH GRADE LEVEL. IT HAS BEEN SUGGESTED THAT THIS MAY BE DUE TO THE INTERFERING EFFECT OF THE FORMATION OF COMPLEX HYPOTHESES BY THE CHILDREN. SINCE A TENDENCY TO RESPOND RAPIDLY WOULD PRESUMABLY INHIBIT THE FORMATION OF COMPLEX HYPOTHESES, IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT IF CHILDREN WERE DICHOTOMIZED INTO FAST AND SLOW RESPONDERS, THE FAST GROUP WOULD FAIL TO SHOW THE SLUMP. A TOTAL OF 168 STUDENTS, 42 IN EACH OF GRADES TWO THROUGH FIVE, WERE GIVEN A SET OF FOUR SEQUENCE-DETERMINATION PROBLEMS. THE AMOUNT OF TIME THE STUDENTS TOOK TO COMPLETE A SERIES OF 50 TRIALS ON EACH PROBLEM WAS USED TO DIVIDE EACH GRADE INTO FAST AND SLOW RESPONDERS. FOR THE COMPLETE SAMPLE, THE PERCENTAGES OF CHILDREN SUCCESSFULLY DETERMINING EACH SEQUENCE SHOWED THE EXPECTED INVERSION FOR THREE OF THE FOUR PROBLEMS. HOWEVER, WHEN THE SAMPLE WAS DIVIDED, THE SLOW RESPONDERS SHOWED AN INVERSION FOR ALL PROBLEMS. BUT THE FAST RESPONDERS SHOWED AN INVERSION ON ONLY ONE PROBLEM. ALTHOUGH THE PREDICTION OF THE HYPOTHESIS WAS CONFIRMED, THE FACT THAT, AFTER THE SECOND GRADE, THE FAST RESPONDERS ALWAYS DID BETTER THAN THE SLOW RESPONDERS CLOUDS THE INTERPRETATION OF THE RESULTS. IT IS FELT THAT THE COMPLEX HYPOTHESIS ASSUMPTION IS INSUFFICIENT TO ACCOUNT FOR THE IMPORTANCE OF THE REACTION TIME VARIABLE. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Louisville Univ., KY. School of Medicine.
Identifiers: FOURTH GRADE SLUMP