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ERIC Number: ED020015
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
MAKING PRIMARY ARITHMETIC MEANINGFUL TO CHILDREN.
SWENSON, ESTHER J.
MATHEMATICS EDUCATION IN THE PRIMARY GRADES HAS TRADITIONALLY CONSISTED OF THE ROUTINE AND REPETITIVE SOLVING OF GREAT QUANTITIES OF NUMERICAL PROBLEMS AND THE ROTE LEARNING OF THE NUMBER COUNTING SEQUENCE, OR LATER, THE ADDITION OR MULTIPLICATION TABLES. THIS EMPHASIS IS CHANGING, HOWEVER, FOR IT IS BECOMING EVIDENT THAT FOR SUBJECT MATTER TO BE LEARNED WELL, IT MUST BE PRESENTED TO THE STUDENT IN A MEANINGFUL WAY. PROBLEM SOLVING MUST ACCOMPANY NUMBER-CONCEPT COMPREHENSION, AND THE ROTE LEARNING OF NUMBER SEQUENCES OR TABLES MUST BE ACCOMPANIED BY AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN NUMBERS. AN UNDERSTANDING OF MATHEMATICAL CONCEPTS AND PROCESSES IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR THE PUPIL'S YEAR-BY-YEAR SUCCESS IN MATHEMATICS COURSES. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THIS UNDERSTANDING SHOULD BEGIN IN THE PRIMARY GRADES. TO ACCOMPLISH THIS UNDERSTANDING, A MEANINGFUL MATHEMATICS EDUCATION MUST BE OFFERED THE PUPIL. IT SHOULD INCLUDE (1) VARIED EXPERIENCES IN DEALING WITH NUMBERS AND THEIR MANY USES, (2) THE USE OF MATHEMATICAL CONCEPTS AND PROCESSES IN PROBLEM CONTEXTS THAT ARE FAMILIAR AND RELEVANT TO PRIMARY-AGE PUPILS, (3) DEMONSTRATION OF THE PURPOSES AND INTENT OF MATHEMATICS, THAT IS, THE AIMS OF ALL THE NUMBER MANIPULATIONS CHILDREN ARE REQUIRED TO DO BEYOND JUST THE AIM OF OBTAINING ANSWERS, AND (4) ORGANIZING THE PRESENTATION OF THE MATHEMATICAL CONCEPTS AND PROCESSES IN A LOGICAL SEQUENCE, IN AN EFFICIENT BUILDING-BLOCK FASHION. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FOR $0.75 FROM NEA, 1201 SIXTEENTH STREET, N.W., WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Education Association, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A