NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED019997
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Oct
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EFFECTS OF ADULT SOCIAL REINFORCEMENT ON CHILD BEHAVIOR.
HARRIS, FLORENCE R.; AND OTHERS
IN AN ATTEMPT TO MODIFY OR SUBSTANTIALLY REDUCE UNDESIRABLE BEHAVIOR IN NURSERY SCHOOL CHILDREN, A TEACHING TECHNIQUE WAS INTRODUCED WHEREIN THE TEACHER WOULD ATTEND TO THE CHILD ONLY WHEN THE CHILD WAS MANIFESTING ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOR AND WOULD IGNORE THE CHILD WHEN HE WAS MANIFESTING UNDESIRABLE BEHAVIOR. IT WOULD THEN BE POSSIBLE TO DETERMINE THE EFFECT ON CHILDREN'S BEHAVIOR OF TEACHER ATTENTION, REPRESENTING POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT. WHEN THE PARTICULAR CHILD CONSISTENTLY MANIFESTED THE DESIRED BEHAVIOR TO THE EXCLUSION OF THE UNDESIRED BEHAVIOR, THE TEACHER TECHNIQUE OF ATTENDING TO THE ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN AND IGNORING UNDESIRED BEHAVIOR WAS REVERSED. IF THE CHILD THEN REVERTED TO THE UNDESIRABLE BEHAVIOR, THE TEACHER REESTABLISHED THE DESIRED BEHAVIOR. THESE MANIPULATIONS DEMONSTRATED THE VALIDITY OF THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE, TEACHER ATTENTION, AS A SIGNIFICANT INFLUENCE UPON CHILD BEHAVIOR. FIVE CASE STUDIES OF NURSERY SCHOOL CHILDREN WITH PARTICULAR BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS INDICATED THAT THE TEACHER TECHNIQUE SUCCESSFULLY ALTERED THE UNDESIRED BEHAVIOR, WHICH INCLUDED CRYING SPELLS, ISOLATE PLAY, AND EXCESSIVE PASSIVITY. IN EACH CASE, BY IGNORING THE UNDESIRED BEHAVIOR AND REINFORCING THE DESIRED BEHAVIOR, THE LATTER BEHAVIOR CHANGED FROM SUBORDINATE TO DOMINANT. IT MUST BE UNDERSTOOD, HOWEVER, THAT TO ACHIEVE SUCCESS WITH THIS TECHNIQUE, THE ATTENTION OF THE TEACHER MUST BE POSITIVELY REINFORCING TO THE CHILD. THIS ARTICLE IS A REPRINT FROM YOUNG CHILDREN, VOLUME 20, NUMBER 1, OCTOBER, 1964. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A