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ERIC Number: ED019992
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Apr
Pages: 194
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SEX AND RACE DIFFERENCES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF UNDERPRIVILEGED PRESCHOOL CHILDREN.
KOHLWES, GARY F.
THIS STUDY WAS UNDERTAKEN TO DETERMINE IF THERE ARE ANY DIFFERENCES IN THE DEVELOPMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS OF UNDERPRIVILEGED PRESCHOOL CHILDREN THAT CAN BE TRACED TO DIFFERENCES IN RACE OR SEX. THE STUDY SAMPLE WAS DRAWN FROM A GROUP OF 368 CAUCASIAN AND NEGRO CHILDREN ENROLLED IN THE SUMMER 1965 PORTLAND, OREGON HEAD START PROGRAM. THE CHILDREN WERE RATED ON SIX INSTRUMENTS, THE BEHAVIOR INVENTORY, PRESCHOOL INVENTORY, AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SCREENING PROCEDURE SUPPLIED BY THE OEO, THE STANFORD-BINET INTELLIGENCE TEST, AND PERCEPTUAL DRAWING AND DEVELOPMENTAL CHART TESTS DEVISED BY THE AUTHOR. A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF INDIVIDUAL TEST ITEMS WAS MADE TO DETERMINE THE EXISTENCE OF DIFFERENCES BASED ON SEX, RACE, OR SEX-BY-RACE CLASSIFICATIONS. THERE WERE FEW GENERALIZED DIFFERENCES FOUND FOR EITHER SEX OR RACE GROUPINGS. FEMALES SHOWED SOME SUPERIORITY IN CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT, IN APPROPRIATENESS OF SOCIAL BEHAVIOR, AND IN MEAN IQ. NEGROES WERE FOUND TO BE MORE SKILLFUL PHYSICALLY AND TO HAVE BETTER SENSORY PERCEPTION. SOME STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES ON SPECIFIC ITEMS WERE FOUND FOR SEX-BY-RACE CLASSIFICATION. THE RESULTS OF THE ANALYSES OF INDIVIDUAL TESTS ARE CONTAINED IN EXTENSIVE APPENDIXES. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., Seattle.
Identifiers: PROJECT HEADSTART