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ERIC Number: ED019987
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Jun-30
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF VARIOUS PROJECT HEAD START PROGRAMS.
HARDING, JOHN
A FULL-DAY, YEAR-LONG, EXPERIMENTAL NURSERY SCHOOL PROGRAM FOR POOR CHILDREN FROM THE ITHACA, N.Y. AREA WAS CONDUCTED TO OBTAIN INFORMATION ON THE OPERATION OF THIS TYPE OF PRESCHOOL EXPERIENCE FOR THREE- AND FOUR-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN OF POOR FAMILIES AND TO DETERMINE SOME OF THE EFFECTS OF THE PROGRAM ON THE CHILDREN. THE CHILDREN WERE TESTED WITH THE PEABODY PICTURE VOCABULARY TEST AND THE STANFORD-BINET IN OCTOBER OF 1965 AND IN APRIL OF 1966. THE RESULTS SHOWED A SIGNIFICANT INCREASE IN THE IQ SCORES OF THE CHILDREN BETWEEN THE TWO TESTING PERIODS. SUMMER HEAD START PROGRAMS WERE CONDUCTED IN THE DRYDEN, NEWFIELD, AND ITHACA, N.Y. AREAS IN 1965. A FOLLOWUP STUDY ON 74 OF THE 77 HEAD START CHILDREN WAS DONE DURING THEIR KINDERGARTEN YEAR. DURING THE SECOND AND SEVENTH WEEK OF EACH OF THE THREE SUMMER PROGRAMS, THE CHILDREN WERE TESTED FOR COGNITIVE AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. IT WAS DETERMINED THAT COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT DID NOT SIGNIFICANTLY CHANGE FOR CHILDREN IN ANY OF THE GROUPS BUT SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IMPROVED SLIGHTLY. THE CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWUP STUDY WERE TESTED TWICE DURING THEIR KINDERGARTEN YEAR. ALSO, A CONTROL GROUP OF 67 NON-HEAD START CHILDREN IN KINDERGARTEN WAS SO TESTED. BOTH GROUPS DEMONSTRATED SIGNIFICANT INCREASES IN IQ, BUT THERE WAS NO DIFFERENCE FOUND BETWEEN THE SCORES OF THE HEAD START AND NON-HEAD START CHILDREN. THE MOTHERS OF CHILDREN IN BOTH GROUPS WERE INTERVIEWED TO OBTAIN THEIR OPINIONS OF THE PROGRAMS IN WHICH THEIR CHILDREN PARTICIPATED. THEIR OPINIONS ABOUT HEAD START WERE GENERALLY ENTHUSIASTIC AND POSITIVE. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT THE SUCCESS OF THESE HEAD START PROGRAMS COULD BE MEASURED MORE IN TERMS OF PUPIL ENJOYMENT AND PARENTAL SATISFACTION THAN OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Home Economics at Cornell Univ.
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (Tompkins County); PROJECT HEADSTART