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ERIC Number: ED019784
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
STUDIES OF TROUBLESOME CHILDREN.
STOTT, D.H.
TWO STUDIES ARE REPORTED AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS DISCUSSED. IN THE FIRST STUDY AN ATTEMPT WAS MADE TO AVERT DELINQUENCY IN CHILDREN (AGED 12 AND 13) BY IDENTIFYING THE DELINQUENCY PRONE AND TREATING A PORTION OF THEM BY FAMILY CASEWORK METHODS. THROUGH USE OF THE DELINQUENCY PREDICTION INSTRUMENT AND THE BRISTOL SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT GUIDES, 33 CHILDREN WERE SELECTED AND DIVIDED INTO THREE GROUPS--(1) THOSE WHOSE FAMILIES DISPLAYED ONE OF 12 DEFINITE PATTERNS OF ADVERSE CHILD-PARENT RELATIONSHIPS (15 CHILDREN), (2) THOSE WHOSE FAMILIES DISPLAYED ELEMENTS OF ONE OF THE PATTERNS BUT NOT AT A CRITICAL LEVEL (13 CHILDREN), AND (3) THOSE WHOSE FAMILIES WERE APPARENTLY STABLE (FIVE CHILDREN). CASE STUDIES WERE MADE OF EACH OF THE CHILDREN. SCHOOL WELFARE OFFICERS FOLLOWED A PLAN OF SITUATIONAL TREATMENT OF THE SUBJECTS (RELIEF FROM STRESSFUL SITUATIONS TO ALLOW MORE EFFECTIVE THERAPY AND PERSONNEL GUIDANCE). GENERAL CONCLUSIONS FROM THE CASE STUDIES INDICATED THAT THERE WAS A HIGH INCIDENCE OF SOMATIC-NEURAL IMPAIRMENT (MOSTLY OF CONGENITAL ORIGIN), WHICH UNDER STRESSFUL CONDITIONS RESULTED IN BEHAVIOR DISTURBANCE. CULTURAL DEVIANCE, ESPECIALLY FAMILY DISINTEGRATION, WAS ALSO FOUND TO BE A STRESSFUL CONDITION. RESULTS OF TREATMENT INDICATED THAT ALL FIVE CASES IN GROUP THREE CEASED DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR, EIGHT OF GROUP TWO'S CASES WERE SUCCESSFUL (FOUR OTHER CHILDREN WERE SENT TO APPROVED SCHOOLS AND ONE WAS PUT ON PROBATION), AND SEVEN FROM GROUP ONE WERE SUCCESSFULLY TREATED (THREE OTHERS REMAINED STATIC, AND FIVE WERE REMOVED FROM THE HOME). RECOMMENDATIONS FOR TREATMENT OF BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS INCLUDE FACILITIES FOR DIAGNOSIS, TUTORIAL PROVISION, RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLING AND INDUSTRIAL TRAINING, AND LEISURE TIME PROVISION. THE SECOND STUDY DEALT WITH 305 TRUANTS BETWEEN 5 AND 15 YEARS OF AGE. TWO CONTROLS WERE SELECTED FOR EACH TRUANT, AND ALL WERE TESTED WITH THE BRISTOL SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT GUIDES. RESULTS INDICATED THAT TRUANTS SUFFER FROM ILL HEALTH, TEMPERAMENTAL INSTABILITY, AND SEVERE MALADJUSTMENT. AFTER THE TWO STUDIES ARE REVIEWED, THE WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THESE STUDIES, TYPES OF MALADJUSTMENT, THE LAW OF MULTIPLE CONGENITAL IMPAIRMENT, AND A GENERAL THEORY OF HUMAN MOTIVATION ARE DISCUSSED. A BIBLIOGRAPHY LISTS 82 ITEMS. THIS DOCUMENT WAS PUBLISHED BY THE HUMANITIES PRESS, INC., 303 PARK AVENUE SOUTH, NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10805, AND IS AVAILABLE FOR $5.50. (RS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: SCOTLAND