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ERIC Number: ED019779
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
COMMUNITY SERVICES FOR THE MENTALLY HANDICAPPED.
TIZARD, J.
FOUR STUDIES OF MENTAL RETARDATION AND AN UNPUBLISHED WORKING PAPER ARE INCLUDED IN THIS BOOK. THE FIRST SECTION REPORTS THE FINDINGS OF A PREVALENCE STUDY OF MENTAL RETARDATION IN LONDON AND MIDDLESEX, WHICH DESCRIBES DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ADMINISTRATIVE PREVALENCE AND TRUE PREVALENCE OF MENTAL SUBNORMALITY. IN THE SECOND STUDY, THE EFFECTS OF SEVERE MENTAL RETARDATION ON A SAMPLE OF LONDON FAMILIES ARE REPORTED. DATA ARE GIVEN ON THREE TOPICS-- THE CHILD HIMSELF, FAMILIES AND THEIR PROBLEMS, AND THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY SERVICES. IMPLICATIONS FOR ADDITIONAL SERVICES ARE PRESENTED FOR THE PRESCHOOL CHILD, THE SEVERELY HANDICAPPED, AND INSTITUTIONAL CARE. THE THIRD STUDY CONSIDERS THE EDUCATION OF TRAINABLE CHILDREN (IQ 20 TO 50) THROUGH A COMPARISON-CONTRAST OF NURSERY SCHOOLS FOR RETARDED AND NORMAL CHILDREN. DAY CARE CENTERS AND RESIDENTIAL FACILITIES ARE ALSO TREATED. THE NEXT STUDY DESCRIBES A SMALL EXPERIMENTAL RESIDENTIAL HOSPITAL UNIT IN TERMS OF SELECTION OF CLIENTS, STAFF, EQUIPMENT, AND PROGRAMS, WITH SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO SPEECH AND PLAY, PERSONAL INDEPENDENCE, INCONTINENCE, TANTRUMS, AND DISOBEDIENCE. THE REPORT PRESENTS THE RESULTS OF A 2-YEAR STUDY OF 26 CHILDREN WHO ATTENDED THE SPECIAL UNIT AND THEIR MATCHED CONTROLS. IN THE LAST SECTION, THE ORGANIZATION OF SERVICES IS CONSIDERED, INCLUDING THE NEEDS OF THE MENTALLY HANDICAPPED AND THEIR FAMILIES, AND THE COST, ORGANIZATION, AND OTHER PROBLEMS OF RESIDENTIAL CARE. THE REFERENCE LIST CONTAINS 72 ITEMS. THIS DOCUMENT WAS PUBLISHED BY THE OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, NEW YORK AND TORONTO, AND IS AVAILABLE FOR $6.75. (DF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ENGLAND