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ERIC Number: ED019770
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 72
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE ABILITIES OF YOUNG CHILDREN. CEC RESEARCH MONOGRAPH SERIES B, NO. B-4.
MARTINSON, RUTH A.; SEAGOE, MAY V.
IN ORDER TO ASSESS THE QUALITY OF CREATIVE PRODUCTS IN ART, MUSIC, WRITING, SOCIAL STUDIES, AND SCIENCE, CHILDREN ATTENDING GRADES 3 TO 6 OF THE UNIVERSITY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, LOS ANGELES, WERE DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS ON THE BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE. THE HIGHER GROUP (49 PUPILS, IQ OF 130 OR MORE) AND THE LOW GROUP (57 PUPILS, IQ OF 120 OR LESS) WERE SIMILAR IN EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDS, EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT, PARENTAL VALUING OF EDUCATION, PARENTAL LEVEL OF EDUCATION, AND SEX RATIO. THREE INDEPENDENT JUDGMENTS OF EACH CHILD'S PRODUCT IN EACH SUBJECT WERE MADE BY EXPERTS IN THE PARTICULAR FIELD REPRESENTED. CRITERIA FOR CREATIVITY INCLUDED ORIGINALITY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF EXPRESSION. IN FIVE OUT OF THE EIGHT PRODUCTS EVALUATED, A SIGNIFICANT RELATIONSHIP (P = .05) WAS FOUND BETWEEN HIGH IQ AND HIGH QUALITY OF JUDGED PRODUCT. FINDINGS THUS SUPPORTED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT GIFTEDNESS AND CREATIVITY ARE NOT ANTITHETICAL. BOTH GROUPS WERE ALSO GIVEN GUILFORD AND HOEPFNER'S TESTS FOR DIVERGENT THINKING. THE ONLY TEST WHICH SIGNIFICANTLY SEPARATED THE HIGH FROM THE LOW GROUPS WAS THE ASSOCIATION TEST (T TEST, P = .05). SINCE NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES WERE FOUND BETWEEN HIGH AND LOW IQ GROUPS ON THE FOUR REMAINING TESTS, A NEGLIGIBLE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTELLIGENCE AND DIVERGENT THINKING WAS INDICATED. EXAMPLES OF THE CHILDREN'S PRODUCTS IN ALL AREAS AND AN 18-ITEM REFERENCE LIST ARE INCLUDED. THE APPENDIX CONTAINS BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE JUDGES. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FROM THE COUNCIL FOR EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN, NEA, 1201 SIXTEENTH STREET, N.W., WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036, FOR $2.00. (JP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA.
Identifiers: GUILFORD HOEPFNER MEASURES OF INTELLECTUAL ABILITY