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ERIC Number: ED019747
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CREATIVITY AND CONFORMITY.
ALLEN, VERNON L.; LEVINE, JOHN M.
USING THREE FIFTH-GRADE CLASSES IN RACINE, WISCONSIN, AS AN EXPERIMENTAL GROUP AND THREE FIFTH-GRADE CLASSES AS A CONTROL GROUP, CONFORMITY TO GROUP PRESSURE WAS COMPARED FOR 76 SUBJECTS RECEIVING A FOUR-WEEK PROGRAM OF CREATIVITY TRAINING AND FOR 88 MATCHED CONTROLS. EFFECT OF CREATIVITY TRAINING ON CONFORMITY WAS QUITE SPECIFIC, WITH CONFORMITY REDUCED ON ITEMS HAVING CORRECT ANSWERS BUT NOT ON SUBJECTIVE ITEMS. RESULTS ALSO SHOWED THAT SUBJECTS RECEIVING CREATIVITY TRAINING RESPONDED TO ITEMS MORE SELECTIVELY THAN DID MEMBERS OF THE CONTROL GROUP. IN ADDITION, CREATIVITY TRAINING REDUCED OVERALL CONFORMITY FOR LOW IQ SUBJECTS BUT NOT FOR SUBJECTS OF AVERAGE AND HIGH IQ LEVELS. EVIDENCE SUGGESTS THAT THE RELATION BETWEEN CONFORMITY AND CREATIVITY IS COMPLEX AND PERHAPS MEDIATED BY UNCONSIDERED VARIABLES. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT THERE IS A CAUSAL RELATION BETWEEN CREATIVITY AND CONFORMITY DUE TO THE TRANSFER OF COMMON SKILLS ACROSS SITUATIONS. EA 001 341 IS A RELATED DOCUMENT. (AUTHORS/JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.
Identifiers: MADISON