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ERIC Number: ED019731
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb-8
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECT OF VARIOUS INFORMATION FORMATS ON DECISIONS TO SELECT TEACHERS.
BOLTON, DALE L.
THIS RESEARCH PROJECT WAS UNDERTAKEN TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF FOUR VARIABLES ON TEACHER SELECTION DECISIONS IN RELATION TO THE CONSISTENCY OF THE DECISIONS, THE FINENESS OF THE DISCRIMINATIONS MADE, THE TIME NEEDED TO MAKE THE DECISIONS, AND THE CONFIDENCE THAT THE DECISIONMAKER HAD IN HIS DECISIONS. THE FOUR VARIABLES WERE (1) AMOUNT OF INSTRUCTION PROVIDED IN HOW TO PROCESS INFORMATION, (2) NUMBER OF WRITTEN DOCUMENTS PRESENTED, (3) DEGREE OF MASKING OF INFORMATION, AND (4) INTERVIEW INFORMATION. THE EXPERIMENT WAS CONDUCTED IN A SIMULATED SITUATION USING 144 PRINCIPALS FROM THREE COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON AS SUBJECTS. EACH SUBJECT EXAMINED EIGHT FICTITIOUS APPLICANTS FOR A HYPOTHETICAL TEACHING POSITION AND MADE DECISIONS REGARDING THE APPROPRIATENESS OF EACH APPLICANT FOR THE POSITION. THE RESULTS OF THE STUDY SHOWED THAT--(1) INSTRUCTION REDUCED THE AMOUNT OF TIME IT TOOK TO MAKE DECISIONS, (2) THE SINGLE DOCUMENT REDUCED THE TIME IT TOOK TO MAKE DECISIONS AND INCREASED THE AMOUNT OF DISCRIMINATION IN MAKING ESTIMATES ON THE TEACHER EVALUATION INSTRUMENT, (3) THE DEGREE OF MASKING OF INFORMATION REDUCED THE ADDITIONAL INTERVIEW INFORMATION, INCREASED THE TIME NEEDED TO MAKE DECISIONS, INCREASED THE DISCRIMINATION ON ESTIMATING CONSEQUENCES ON THE TEACHER EVALUATION INSTRUMENT, AND INCREASED BOTH MEASURES OF CERTAINTY. THESE RESULTS AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS ARE DISCUSSED FOR THIS AND SUBSEQUENT STUDIES. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED TO THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION (CHICAGO, FEBRUARY 8-10, 1968). (HW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Illinois (Chicago)