NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
PDF pending restoration PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED019720
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr-16
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
FREE-RECALL LEARNING AT DIFFERENT GRADE LEVELS. FINAL REPORT.
MAYHEW, ANTHONY J.
THE VERBAL BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN FROM FOUR GRADE LEVELS (10, EIGHT, SIX, AND FOUR) WAS INVESTIGATED BY HAVING EACH SUBJECT (S) LEARN TO FREE-RECALL THREE 20-WORD LISTS OF UNRELATED WORDS. A MULTITRIAL PROCEDURE WAS USED IN WHICH SS EXPERIENCED 10 CONSECUTIVE LEARNING AND TEST TRIALS ON EACH LIST. TWO MEASURES WERE USED TO ANALYZE BOTH INTRALIST AND INTERLIST CHANGES IN THE DATA. THESE WERE "FREE-RECALL LEARNING," THE NUMBER OF CORRECT WORDS PER TEST TRIAL WITHOUT RESPECT TO ORDER OF RECALL, AND "SUBJECTIVE ORGANIZATION," DESIGNED FOR ANALYZING CHANGES IN THE ORGANIZATION OF RECALLED WORDS DURING FREE-RECALL LEARNING. AN INCREASE IN BOTH SUBJECTIVE ORGANIZATION AND FREE-RECALL SCORES AS A FUNCTION OF INTRALIST PRACTICE WERE FOUND. IN THE CASE OF INTERLIST PRACTICE, THE SUBJECTIVE ORGANIZATION SCORES INCREASED OVER LISTS PRACTICED, WHILE LIST-LEARNING DECREASED. POSITIVE CORRELATIONS WERE OBTAINED BETWEEN SUBJECTIVE ORGANIZATION AND FREE-RECALL SCORES IN THE CASE OF THE HIGHER GRADE LEVELS, 10 AND EIGHT, WHILE NEGATIVE CORRELATIONS WERE FOUND IN THE LOWER GRADES, SIX AND FOUR. BOTH SUBJECTIVE ORGANIZATION AND FREE-RECALL SCORES INCREASED AS A FUNCTION OF HIGHER GRADE LEVELS. THE RESULTS WERE COMPARED WITH THE FINDINGS OBTAINED FROM SIMILAR STUDIES INVESTIGATING FREE-RECALL LEARNING IN YOUNG ADULTS. (AUTHOR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Vermont Univ., Burlington.
Identifiers: N/A