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ERIC Number: ED019710
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jan-26
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RELATION BETWEEN THE WAY GENERAL AND SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES ARE LEARNED AND HOW THEY ARE USED.
HASLERUD, GEORGE M.
THE PURPOSE OF THIS PROJECT WAS TO FIND (1) A LEARNING SITUATION IN WHICH THERE IS NO INTIMATION OF A FUTURE TRANSFER TEST AND YET (2) DEMONSTRATE TRANSFER FROM THE LEARNING BY A STABLE DIFFERENCE IN THE PERFORMANCE OF CONTROLS IN THE SECOND TEST. THE TECHNIQUE OF CRYPTOGRAPHY PERMITTED TESTING OF THE HYPOTHESIS. THE SUBJECTS WERE COLLEGE STUDENTS. THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE WAS THE DIFFERING AMOUNTS OF GUIDANCE BEYOND CODED EXAMPLE FOR AN INITIAL EXPERIENCE, WITH EACH OF 10 PROBLEM SENTENCES. THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE WAS PERFORMANCE ON THE SAME 10 CODES AS IN THE ORIGINAL EXPERIENCE, AND 20 OTHERS FROM TWO OTHER FAMILIES OF CODES. FOR A POWER CODING TEST WITH REDUNDANT PROBLEMS WITHIN THREE FAMILIES OF CODES, THE CONCLUSION WAS THAT THE "GIVEN-DERIVED" VARIABLE IS AS SECONDARY A PRINCIPLE AS FREQUENCY IS IN THE GENERAL STUDY OF LEARNING. TRANSFER IS POSSIBLE WITH EITHER A DERIVING OR GIVEN EXPERIENCE. RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THIS EXPERIMENT ARE GIVEN. (PH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New Hampshire Univ., Durham.
Identifiers: N/A