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ERIC Number: ED019701
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Oct
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A STUDY OF THE EFFICIENCY OF LEARNING WHEN BOTH INCIDENTAL AND INTENTIONAL LEARNING OCCUR SIMULTANEOUSLY. FINAL REPORT.
COHEN, DAVID B.
THE EFFECT OF INCIDENTAL VISUAL STIMULI ON THE EFFICIENCY OF LEARNING FACTUAL MATERIAL BY FRESHMAN COLLEGE STUDENTS WAS INVESTIGATED. THE INVESTIGATORS DETERMINED WHETHER THE PROVISION OF INCIDENTAL STIMULI, WHEN USED TO FACILITATE LEARNING, RESULTED IN IMPROVED TEST PERFORMANCE. BRIEF, HIGH INTENSITY STIMULI, SEX DIFFERENCE, COLOR OF FOCAL MATERIAL AND CUE WORDS, AND CONTROL OF THE PRESENTATION OF FOCAL MATERIAL AND INCIDENTAL STIMULI BY A GROUP TEACHING DEVICE WERE THE CRITERION VARIABLES. THE LEARNING SITUATIONS INVOLVED THE VISUAL PRESENTATION (USING TWO PROJECTORS) OF 32 SLIDES SHOWING 32 UNRELATED "BITS" OF FACTUAL INFORMATION, AND 32 PAIRED CUE SLIDES TO HIGHLY MOTIVATE THE SUBJECTS. THE RESULTS EMPHASIZE THE IMPORTANCE OF MOTIVATION IN CONNECTION WITH INCIDENTAL LEARNING. THE FINDING THAT MOTIVATED COLLEGE STUDENTS CAN IMPROVE TEST PERFORMANCE THROUGH THE USE OF INCIDENTAL STIMULI IMPLIES THAT IT IS POSSIBLE TO IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY OF THE LEARNING OF FACTUAL MATERIAL IN THE CLASSROOM BY CAUSING BOTH INCIDENTAL AND INTENTIONAL LEARNING TO OCCUR SIMULTANEOUSLY. THE TEACHING METHOD EMPLOYED IN THIS STUDY MAY BE SUITABLE FOR REMEDIAL TEACHING IN THE AREAS DEALING PRIMARILY WITH FACTUAL MATERIAL. (AUTHOR/IM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Saint Leo Coll., FL.
Identifiers: N/A