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ERIC Number: ED019687
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr
Pages: 108
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CLIENT-COUNSELOR COMPATIBILITY AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COUNSELING. FINAL REPORT.
Vocational Rehabilitation Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
A SYSTEMATIC EXPLORATION WAS UNDERTAKEN OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF CLIENTS AND COUNSELORS TO PROVIDE AN EMPIRICAL BASIS FOR EFFECTIVE MATCHING PROCEDURES. DATA WERE COLLECTED ON SIX SEPARATE SAMPLES, WITH MINIMAL INTERFERENCE OF THE NORMAL COUNSELING PROCESS. BEFORE THE FIRST INTERVIEW, A SERIES OF PERSONALITY TESTS AND A QUESTIONNAIRE ABOUT EXPECTATIONS WERE ADMINISTERED TO CLIENTS AND COUNSELORS. AFTER TERMINATION, BOTH CLIENTS AND COUNSELORS EVALUATED THE COUNSELING BY MEANS OF QUESTIONNAIRES. THE VARIABLES STUDIED WERE--(1) CLIENT-COUNSELOR SIMILARITY AND COMPATIBILITY IN PERSONALITY, (2) COMPLEMENTARITY OF CLIENT-COUNSELOR EXPECTATIONS ABOUT COUNSELING, (3) SEX-MATCHING, AND (4) THE ACCURACY OF THE COUNSELOR'S PERCEPTIONS OF HIS CLIENTS. ANALYSES INDICATE THAT BOTH CLIENTS AND COUNSELORS RESPOND PRIMARILY IN TERMS OF A GENERAL EVALUATIVE SET, BUT THAT THEY ALSO DISCRIMINATE AMONG DIFFERENT ASPECTS OF THE COUNSELING PROCESS. ALTHOUGH A MINIMALLY SATISFACTORY RELATIONSHIP WAS NECESSARY, THE ACHIEVEMENT OF COUNSELING OBJECTIVES DEPENDED MORE ON COGNITIVE, PROBLEM-ORIENTED, GOAL-DIRECTED ACTIVITIES. NOT ALL CLIENTS WERE EQUALLY SENSITIVE TO THE INTERPERSONAL SITUATION BETWEEN CLIENT AND COUNSELOR. THE INVESTIGATORS BELIEVE THAT THE PRECOUNSELING EXPECTATIONS OF CLIENTS ARE NOT AS IMPORTANT AS THEIR PERCEPTIONS OF WHETHER THEY WERE GETTING WHAT THEY WANTED. (CG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Vocational Rehabilitation Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation; MYERS BRIGGS TYPE INDICATOR