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ERIC Number: ED019686
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INTELLIGENCE, PERSONALITY AND ACHIEVEMENT.
MUIR, R.C.; AND OTHERS
A LONGITUDINAL DEVELOPMENTAL STUDY OF A GROUP OF MIDDLE CLASS CHILDREN IS DESCRIBED, WITH EMPHASIS ON A SEGMENT OF THE RESEARCH INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP OF ACHIEVEMENT, INTELLIGENCE, AND EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCE. THE SUBJECTS WERE 105 CHILDREN AGED FIVE TO 6.3 ATTENDING TWO SCHOOLS IN MONTREAL. EACH CHILD WAS ASSESSED IN THE AREAS OF PERSONALITY AND ADJUSTMENT, COGNITIVE ABILITY, AND PERCEPTUAL MOTOR ABILITIES. IN COMPARING ACHIEVEMENT AND INTELLIGENCE, SCORES WERE OBTAINED FROM THE CALIFORNIA ACHIEVEMENT TEST AND THE WECHSLER INTELLIGENCE TEST FOR CHILDREN. NEUROTICISM WAS SCORED FROM THE CLINICAL INTERVIEW, USING THE CRITERIA OF ANXIETY SYMPTOMS AND AFFECT DISTURBANCE, ANXIETY EQUIVALENTS, POOR CONTROL OF AGGRESSIVENESS, INADEQUATE EMOTIONAL MATURITY FOR AGE, DIFFICULTY WITH PLAY, AND RELATING TO PEERS. THE RESULTS INDICATE THAT WHEN NEUROTICISM SCORES WERE LOW, THE LEVEL OF INTELLIGENCE MADE NO APPRECIABLE DIFFERENCE TO ACHIEVEMENT. THE COMBINATION OF HIGH INTELLIGENCE AND A HIGH LEVEL OF NEUROTICISM PRODUCED HIGH ACHIEVEMENT. THE POOREST ACHIEVERS WERE CHILDREN WITH LOW I.Q. AND A HIGH LEVEL OF EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCES. ALSO NOTED WAS INCREASING NEUROTICISM ASSOCIATED WITH DECREASING POSITIVE I.Q. CHANGE. A NEED FOR MORE EMPHASIS ON COGNITIVE GROWTH AND SKILLS FOR LOW INTELLIGENCE GROUPS AND ADDITIONAL RESEARCH ON UNDERACHIEVERS ARE SUGGESTED. (CG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: California Achievement Tests; WECHSLER INTELLIGENCE SCALE FOR CHILDREN