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ERIC Number: ED019672
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-May
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SPEECH AND LANGUAGE SCREENING IN A SUMMER HEADSTART PROGRAM.
MONSEES, EDNA K.; BERMAN, CAROL
AS PART OF A COMPREHENSIVE HEALTH CARE PROGRAM, A TEAM OF MEDICAL AND HEALTH-RELATED SPECIALISTS CONDUCTED SCREENING EXAMINATIONS OF CHILDREN ENROLLED IN SUMMER HEADSTART PROGRAMS IN WASHINGTON, D.C. THE 286 CHILDREN EXAMINED WERE NEGROES AND RECENTLY IMMIGRATED INDIANS AND LATIN AMERICANS. TWO SPEECH PATHOLOGISTS AND THREE AUDIOLOGISTS FROM THE CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SPEECH, HEARING, AND LANGUAGE ASPECTS OF THE SCREENING. THEY PREPARED FOR THEIR TASK OF EXAMINING THIS SAMPLE OF CULTURALLY DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN BY STUDYING THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THEIR LANGUAGE WITHIN A FRAMEWORK OF DESCRIPTIVE LINGUISTICS. THE VARIETY OF ENGLISH SPOKEN BY THE CHILDREN WAS VIEWED AS NONSTANDARD BUT NOT SUBSTANDARD. THE PRINCIPAL CRITERION FOR ASSESSMENT WAS THE CHILD'S ABILITY TO USE ANY LANGUAGE AS AN EFFECTIVE AND SATISFYING TOOL OF COMMUNICATION. CONSEQUENTLY ONLY THOSE ASPECTS OF A CHILD'S LANGUAGE THAT MIGHT HANDICAP HIS ABILITY TO FUNCTION AS A PARTICIPATING AND PRODUCTIVE MEMBER IN SOCIETY'S MAINSTREAM WERE CONSIDERED SPEECH DEFECTS. EACH CHILD'S OVERALL COMMUNICATIVE ABILITY WAS ASSESSED AFTER A SHORT INTERVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS MADE ACCORDING TO THE GRAVITY OF THE DEFECT. FOR SOME CHILDREN, HEADSTART PROGRAMS WERE THOUGHT TO PROVIDE THE NECESSARY ENRICHMENT. OTHERS WERE REFERRED TO SCHOOL SPEECH CLINICS OR THE CHILDREN'S HEARING AND SPEECH CENTER OF CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL. THE AUTHORS FEEL THAT THIS STUDY WAS OF LINGUISTIC AS WELL AS DIAGNOSTIC VALUE IN THAT IT SERVED TO DIFFERENTIATE DIALECT DIFFERENCES FROM ARTICULATION DEFECTS AT THE PHONOLOGICAL LEVEL AND CONFIRMED LINGUISTIC FINDINGS AS TO SOME OF THE MORPHOLOGICAL AND SYNTACTICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NONSTANDARD NEGRO ENGLISH. MORE INFORMATION ON THIS STUDY CAN BE OBTAINED BY WRITING TO THE CHILDREN'S HEARING AND SPEECH CENTER, CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20009. THIS PAPER WAS PUBLISHED IN THE "JOURNAL OF SPEECH AND HEARING DISORDERS," VOLUME 33, NUMBER 2, MAY 1968. (DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A