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ERIC Number: ED019667
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Mar-10
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DISTINCTIVE FEATURE THEORY AND NASAL ASSIMILATION IN SPANISH.
HARRIS, JAMES W.
CERTAIN FEATURES IN THE MEXICAN PRONUNCIATION OF NASAL CONSONANTS ARE PRESENTED HERE AND LINGUISTIC GENERALIZATIONS ARE FORMULATED--FIRST IN TERMS OF A CURRENT THEORY OF UNIVERSAL PHONOLOGICAL DISTINCTIVE FEATURES, AND SECOND IN TERMS OF A REVISED DISTINCTIVE FEATURE FRAMEWORK INCORPORATING THE CHANGES PROPOSED BY CHOMSKY AND HALLE IN "THE SOUND PATTERNS OF ENGLISH." THE DATA WERE GATHERED FROM THE UNGUARDED, COMFORTABLY RAPID SPEECH OF SEVERAL INFORMANTS FROM MEXICO CITY. THEY INDICATE THAT THERE IS COMPLETE NEUTRALIZATION OF NASALS BEFORE OBSTRUENTS (ONLY HOMORGANIC CLUSTERS OCCUR) WITH THE APPARENT EXCEPTION OF "N" PLUS "CH" (AS IN "UN CHARCO"). IN THIS POSITION A NASAL OCCURS WHICH IS NOT THE EXPECTED PALATAL BUT RATHER "AUDITORILY INDISTINGUISHABLE" FROM THE ALVEOLAR "N" OCCURRING IN "UN SACO." SEVERAL ATTEMPTS ARE MADE TO FORMULATE PHONOLOGICAL RULES BASED ON THE TRADITIONAL FOUR PRIMARY POINTS OF ARTICULATION CHARACTERIZED BY THE TWO FEATURES "DIFFUSE" AND "GRAVE." IN EVERY CASE THESE ATTEMPTS ARE CONSIDERED UNSATISFACTORY. THE REVISED FORMULATION OF CHOMSKY AND HALLE, HOWEVER, SUCCEEDS IN CHARACTERIZING IN ONE SIMPLE RULE SEVEN DISTINCT NASALS, INCLUDING A PALATO-ALVEOLAR WITH THE SAME FEATURES AS "CH." IT IS FELT THAT THE FACTS PRESENTED IN THIS PAPER LEND CLEAR SUPPORT TO CHOMSKY AND HALLE'S PROPOSALS AS SIGNIFICANT INNOVATIONS IN DISTINCTIVE FEATURE THEORY. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE THIRTEENTH ANNUAL NATIONAL CONFERENCE IN LINGUISTICS SPONSORED BY THE LINGUISTIC CIRCLE OF NEW YORK, NEW YORK CITY, MARCH 10, 1968. (JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A