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ERIC Number: ED019663
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ON THE NATURE OF SPEECH SCIENCE.
PETERSON, GORDON E.
IN THIS ARTICLE THE NATURE OF THE DISCIPLINE OF SPEECH SCIENCE IS CONSIDERED AND THE VARIOUS BASIC AND APPLIED AREAS OF THE DISCIPLINE ARE DISCUSSED. THE BASIC AREAS ENCOMPASS THE VARIOUS PROCESSES OF THE PHYSIOLOGY OF SPEECH PRODUCTION, THE ACOUSTICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SPEECH, INCLUDING THE SPEECH WAVE TYPES AND THE INFORMATION-BEARING ACOUSTIC PARAMETERS, AND THE PROCESSES OF SPEECH PERCEPTION. PHONETICS IS CONCERNED WITH THE MORE BASIC CONCEPTS IN SPEECH PHYSIOLOGY AND SPEECH ACOUSTICS. THE NOTATIONAL ASPECT OF DESCRIPTIVE PHONETICS IS BASED PRIMARILY ON SPEECH PHYSIOLOGY, AND THE CHIEF PROBLEM IN EXPERIMENTAL PHONETICS IS THE INTERPRETATION OF THE DYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SPEECH. THE MAJOR PROCESSES OF SPEECH PRODUCTION ARE IDENTIFIED AS INITIATION, COORDINATION, INNERVATION, ARTICULATORY, AND SHAPING. THERE ARE AT LEAST THREE MAJOR AREAS OF APPLIED SPEECH SCIENCE--THE PHONOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF LANGUAGES, SPEECH PATHOLOGY, AND SPEECH COMMUNICATION. THE PHONOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF LANGUAGES IS PRIMARILY CONCERNED WITH NORMAL SPEECH AND IS BASED ON PHONETIC CONCEPTS. SUCH DESCRIPTIONS EXTEND BEYOND PHONETICS, HOWEVER, AND REQUIRE HIGHER LEVEL CONCEPTS IN PHONOLOGY, SUCH AS THE PHONEME AND THE PROSODEME. THE MANY BRANCHES OF SPEECH PATHOLOGY MAKE IT A LARGE AREA OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH. IT IS NOTED THAT DESCRIPTIVE PHONETICS IS INTENDED PRIMARILY FOR NORMAL SPEECH AND SHOULD BE EXTENDED TO ENCOMPASS THE DEVIATIONS COMMONLY ENCOUNTERED IN ABNORMAL SPEECH. THERE ARE MANY AREAS OF SPEECH COMMUNICATION, INCLUDING THE VOCODER TRANSMISSION OF NATURAL SPEECH AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF MACHINE AIDS TO SPOKEN LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION. A MAJOR DIVISION OF SPEECH COMMUNICATION IS SPEECH AUTOMATION, WHICH INCLUDES AUTOMATIC SPEECH SYNTHESIS AND AUTOMATIC SPEECH RECOGNITION. AMONG OTHER POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS, SPEECH AUTOMATION WOULD PROVIDE DIRECT SPEECH COMMUNICATION WITH COMPUTERS. THIS ARTICLE APPEARED IN THE ANNUAL BULLETIN FOR 1967 OF THE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF LOGOPEDICS AND PHONIATRICS, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO, HONGO, TOKYO, JAPAN. (AUTHOR/JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A