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ERIC Number: ED019639
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ASSOCIATION, SYNONYMITY, AND DIRECTIONALITY IN FALSE RECOGNITION.
ANISFELD, MOSHE; KNAPP, MARGARET E.
THIS DOCUMENT COMPRISES TWO EXPERIMENTS--(1) TO INVESTIGATE WHETHER RELATIONS OF SYNONYMITY HAVE SIMILAR EFFECTS TO THOSE OF ASSOCIATION AND (2) TO SEE WHETHER FALSE RECOGNITION IS DUE TO PROCESSES INVOLVED IN INITIAL CODING OF THE STIMULUS OR TO CONFUSION RESULTING FROM THE PRESENTATION OF ITS ASSOCIATE. WHEN ASKED TO INDICATE WHETHER EACH OF 200 ORALLY PRESENTED WORDS HAD APPEARED BEFORE (PLUS) OR NOT (MINUS), UNIVERSITY STUDENTS GAVE MORE PLUSSES TO COMMON ASSOCIATES AND SYNONYMS OF PRECEDING WORDS THAN TO CONTROL WORDS. IN A SECOND EXPERIMENT, FALSE REGOGNITION ERRORS WERE OBTAINED WHEN THE PRECEDING WORDS ASSOCIATIVELY ELICITED THE TEST WORDS AND WHEN THE ASSOCIATIVE RELATION WAS BIDIRECTIONAL BUT NOT WHEN ONLY THE TEST WORDS ELICITED THE PRECEDING WORDS. THE RESULTS OF THE SECOND EXPERIMENT WERE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION THAT INITIAL CODING OF WORDS CONTRIBUTES TO FALSE RECOGNITION AND THAT THE PHENOMENON IS NOT MERELY AN ARTIFACT OF TESTING FOR IT. THE OCCURRENCE OF FALSE RECOGNITION ERRORS WAS TAKEN AS SUPPORT FOR A CHARACTERIZATION OF WORDS AS COMPLEXES OF ATTRIBUTES OR FEATURES. (SEE RELATED DOCUMENT AL 001 270). (AUTHOR/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Synonyms