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ERIC Number: ED019637
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DISJUNCTIVE CONCEPTS.
ANISFELD, MOSHE
THIS DOCUMENT QUESTIONS THE PSYCHOLOGICAL VALIDITY OF DISJUNCTIVE CONCEPTS. A DISJUNCTIVE CONCEPT IS DEFINED AS AN AGGREGATE CHARACTERIZED BY THE PRESENCE OF EITHER ONE OF SEVERAL ATTRIBUTES OR ALL OF THEM, WHERE THE DIFFERENT ATTRIBUTES DO NOT SHARE ANY ELEMENTS IN COMMON. THE AUTHOR FEELS THAT NATURAL HUMAN CATEGORIES ARE TYPICALLY NOT DISJUNCTIVE. THE DISJUNCTIVE APPEARANCE OF NATURAL CONCEPTS IS VIEWED AS THE CONSEQUENCE OF A FAILURE TO DISTINGUISH BETWEEN CUES WHICH CAN BE DISJUNCTIVE AND ATTRIBUTES WHICH ARE NOT DISJUNCTIVE. CUES ARE OBSERVABLE ASPECTS OF PHYSICAL ENTITIES AND AS SUCH ARE USEFUL IN PLACING INSTANCES IN CATEGORIES, BUT THE CATEGORIES THEMSELVES ARE DEFINED BY ABSTRACT ATTRIBUTES WHICH DO NOT NECESSARILY HAVE DIRECT PHYSICAL CORRESPONDENCES. THE AUTHOR MAINTAINS, THEREFORE, THAT HUMAN CONCEPTS MUST BE VIEWED AS POSSESSING PSYCHOLOGICAL, NOT PHYSICAL, REALITY. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT A SYMPOSIUM ON THE CONCEPT OF STRUCTURE IN LANGUAGE AND THINKING AT THE 1966 ANNUAL CONVENTION OF THE EASTERN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION IN NEW YORK CITY. (AUTHOR/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: DISJUNCTIVE CONCEPTS