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ERIC Number: ED019633
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RELATIONSHIP OF MOTHERS' LANGUAGE STYLES TO THE COGNITIVE STYLES OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN.
OLIM, ELLIS GEORGE
THERE IS GROWING EVIDENCE THAT THE PROCESS OF EDUCATIONAL RETARDATION WHICH HAS BEEN OBSERVED IN MANY CHILDREN FROM ECONOMICALLY DEPRESSED AREAS SETS IN LONG BEFORE THE CHILDREN ENTER THE FIRST GRADE. THIS STUDY WAS DESIGNED TO EXAMINE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MATERNAL LANGUAGE STYLES AND PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN'S COGNITIVE STYLES AND INTELLECTUAL COMPETENCE LEVELS, SPECIFICALLY TO (1) DEVELOP LANGUAGE SCALES FOR THE ANALYSIS OF THE LANGUAGE STYLES OF NEGRO MOTHERS OF FOUR SOCIAL CLASS GROUPS, (2) ASSESS SOCIAL CLASS DIFFERENCES IN LANGUAGE STYLES, AND (3) APPRAISE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MOTHERS' LANGUAGE STYLES AND THEIR PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN'S COGNITIVE STYLES AND INTELLECTUAL COMPETENCE LEVELS. SOME OF THE CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS WERE--(1) SOCIAL CLASS LEVEL WAS A MAJOR PREDICTOR OF THE CHILDREN'S CONCEPTUAL SORTING BEHAVIOR IN ONLY ONE INSTANCE (DESCRIPTIVE PART-WHOLE CONCEPTUALIZATION). (2) THE MOTHER'S VERBAL IQ WAS A MAJOR PREDICTOR OF ONLY THE CRITERION VARIABLE, THE CHILD'S IQ. (3) WHERE THE CHILD'S OWN IQ WAS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR IN HIS CONCEPTUALIZING BEHAVIOR, THE MOTHER'S LANGUAGE WAS AT LEAST AS IMPORTANT, ALSO. (4) CHILDREN WHO WERE UNABLE TO EXPLAIN VERBALLY THE REASON FOR THEIR CONCEPTUAL SORTS TENDED TO BE LOW IN IQ AND TO HAVE LOW VERBAL IQ MOTHERS. ACCORDING TO THE AUTHOR THIS IS INDIRECT SUPPORT FOR THE VIEW THAT LANGUAGE MEDIATES THOUGHT. (5) CHILDREN WHO DID NOT PERFORM THE TASK TENDED TO BE LOW IN IQ AND TO HAVE MOTHERS WHO WERE LOW IN VERBAL IQ AS WELL AS IN VIRTUALLY ALL THE LANGUAGE MEASURES. THE AUTHOR FEELS THAT ONE OF THE MOST POSITIVE RESULTS OF THE STUDY MAY BE THAT A BEGINNING HAS BEEN MADE AT DISCOVERING THE PRECISE LANGUAGE MECHANISMS WHICH MEDIATE BETWEEN CULTURAL EXPERIENCE AND COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR AND DEVELOPMENT. THE STUDY SUGGESTS THAT PERHAPS ONE EFFECTIVE METHOD FOR ENHANCING THE COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CULTURALLY DISADVANTAGED CHILD IS TO TAKE STEPS IN THE PRE-SCHOOL YEARS TO EXPAND HIS LINGUISTIC ENVIRONMENT AND TO ENCOURAGE HIM TO SEE THE VALUE, INTRINSIC AS WELL AS EXTRINSIC, OF USING LANGUAGE AS A COGNITIVE TOOL. (SEE RELATED DOCUMENT ED 012 282.) (AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A