NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED019605
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Oct-31
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
FACILITATION AND INTERFERENCE IN THE OLDER ADULT LEARNER. FINAL REPORT.
MCCRYSTAL, THOMAS J.
THIS STUDY IS CONCERNED WITH THE DEGREE TO WHICH OLDER AND YOUNGER ADULTS ARE SUBJECT TO THE INTERFERING EFFECTS OF PAST HABITS. TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT TO WHICH HYPOTHESES BASED ON ASSUMPTIONS OF CONTEMPORARY INTERFERENCE THEORY HOLD FOR THE OLDER ADULT POPULATION, THESE HYPOTHESES WERE TESTED IN A NEGATIVE TRANSFER TASK, WHERE INCOMPATIBLE RESPONSES IN A SECOND TASK ARE ASSOCIATED WITH IDENTICAL STIMULI FROM AN ORIGINAL TASK. THE RESULTS SHOWED THAT RETENTION CURVES OVER A WEEK WERE COMPARABLE FOR THE YOUNGER AND OLDER AGE GROUPS, ALTHOUGH THE OLDER GROUP TOOK SIGNIFICANTLY LONGER TO LEARN THE TASKS. THIS IMPLIES THAT MEMORY IN THE ADULT IS NOT SO MUCH A FUNCTION OF AGE AS IT IS OF THE DEGREE OF LEARNING, AND ALSO THAT LEARNING IS A FUNCTION OF AGE. THE FINDINGS EXTEND THE GENERALITY OF THE INTERFERENCE THEORY OF FORGETTING TO THE OLDER ADULT POPULATION. A FURTHER IMPLICATION OF THE FINDINGS IS THAT THE FACILITATING MECHANISMS WHICH ARE FOUND TO FACILITATE LEARNING AND RETENTION BY INCREASING RESISTANCE TO INTERFERENCE IN YOUNGER SUBJECTS SHOULD ASLO APPLY TO THE OLDER ADULTS. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT THE ABSENCE OF THESE FACILITATING MECHANISMS MAY BE RESPONSIBLE FOR A LARGE PART OF THE MEMORY LOSS IN ADULTS. (AUTHOR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Xavier Univ., Cincinnati, OH.
Identifiers: N/A