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ERIC Number: ED019501
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 55
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EDUCATION FOR A CHANGING WORLD OF WORK, REPORT OF THE PANEL OF CONSULTANTS ON VOCATIONAL EDUCATION. APPENDIX II, MANPOWER IN FARMING AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS.
BISHOP, C.E.; TOLLEY, G.S.
THE EFFECTS OF ECONOMIC PROGRESS ON THE STRUCTURE OF AGRICULTURE, THE AMOUNT AND QUALITY OF HUMAN RESOURCES EMPLOYED IN FARMING AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS, AND EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF AGRICULTURAL CHANGES ARE REPORTED. MECHANICAL, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL CHANGES IN AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY, WHICH PROVIDED INCENTIVES TO INCREASE THE SIZE OF THE FARM FIRM AND TO DECREASE THE AMOUNT OF LABOR USED IN RELATION TO CAPITAL AND LAND IN FARM PRODUCTION, IMPROVED PRODUCTION FASTER THAN THE DEMAND FOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS WHICH RESULTED IN DOWNWARD PRICE TRENDS. THE NUMBER OF FARMS DECREASED 36 PERCENT BETWEEN 1940 AND 1960. A LOW DEMAND FOR FARM LABOR IS REFLECTED BY A LOW HOURLY RETURN COMPARED WITH OTHER EMPLOYMENT. PROJECTIONS INDICATE THAT LESS THAN ONE-FOURTH OF THE FARM POPULATION WHO WERE BETWEEN 5 AND 14 YEARS OLD IN 1960 WOULD REMAIN IN THIS POPULATION IN 1980. MIGRATION FROM FARMS IS PROJECTED TO BE APPROXIMATELY 6.4 MILLION PERSONS IN THE 1960'S IF PRESENT EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS CONDITIONS REMAIN STABLE. ALTHOUGH AGRICULTURAL RELATED OCCUPATIONS IN SUPPLY, MARKETING, OR PROCESSING ESTABLISHMENTS HAVE PROVIDED EMPLOYMENT FOR SOME LABOR RELEASED FROM SOME EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS ARE--(1) MORE HIGHLY TRAINED FARMERS WITH MANAGERIAL ABILITY ARE NEEDED, AND (2) AGRICULTURAL CURRICULUMS SHOULD REFLECT TECHNOLOGICAL AND OCCUPATIONAL CHANGES. THE COMPLETE REPORT IS AVAILABLE AS VT 005 454, A SUMMARY AS VT 001 796, AND OTHER APPENDIXES AS VT 001 306 AND VT 005 456. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FOR 35 CENTS FROM SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS, U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20402. (EM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: PANEL OF CONSULTANTS ON VOCATIONAL EDUCATION