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ERIC Number: ED019444
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Aug
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
UNDERUTILIZATION OF WOMEN WORKERS.
Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
INFORMATION ABOUT THE STATUS OF WORKING WOMEN AND THEIR UNDERUTILIZATION IN THE NATIONAL WORK FORCE IS PRESENTED IN SUMMARY AND GRAPH FORM. ALTHOUGH PROGRESS HAS BEEN MADE IN ASSURING WOMEN EQUALITY OF PAY AND NONDISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT, MUCH NEEDS TO BE DONE TO IMPROVE THE UTILIZATION OF THEIR ABILITIES. MOST WOMEN WORK TO SUPPORT THEMSELVES AND OTHERS. OF THE 34 MILLION EMPLOYED IN 1965, 24 PERCENT WERE SINGLE, 18 PERCENT WERE WIDOWED OR DIVORCED, 11 PERCENT HAD HUSBANDS EARNING UNDER $3,000 AND ONLY 34 PERCENT HAD HUSBANDS WITH INCOMES OF OVER $5,000. OCCUPATIONALLY WOMEN ARE INCREASINGLY DISADVANTAGED. IN 1940 THEY HELD 45 PERCENT OF ALL PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL POSITIONS, BUT CURRENTLY HOLD ONLY 37 PERCENT OF SUCH JOBS. EMPLOYMENT BARRIERS IN SOME FIELDS ARE STILL HIGH. THE PROPORTION OF WOMEN AMONG ALL SERVICE WORKERS ROSE FROM 40 PERCENT IN 1940 TO 55 PERCENT IN 1966. ABOUT ONE-FIFTH OF WORKING WOMEN WHO HAD COMPLETED 4 YEARS OF COLLEGE WERE EMPLOYED AS CLERICAL, SALES, SERVICE WORKERS, OR FACTORY OPERATIVES. IN 1965, THE MEDIAN WAGE OF WOMEN WAS ONLY 60 PERCENT THAT OF MEN COMPARED WITH 64 PERCENT IN 1955. OF ALL WOMEN WHO WORKED FULL TIME YEAR ROUND IN 1965, 29 PERCENT RECEIVED INCOMES OF LESS THAN $3,000, AND 9 PERCENT EARNED $7,000 OR MORE A YEAR. UNEMPLOYMENT RATES ARE CONSIDERABLY HIGHER AMONG WOMEN, PARTICULARLY NONWHITE WOMEN, THAN MEN. AMONG TEENAGERS, NONWHITE GIRLS ARE THE MOST DISADVANTAGED, THREE OF 10 BEING JOBLESS. (FP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A