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ERIC Number: ED019403
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jan
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF WORK EXPERIENCE IN ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT, A DISCUSSION PAPER PREPARED FOR THE U.S. OFFICE OF EDUCATION, DIVISION OF ADULT AND VOCATIONAL RESEARCH.
HAMBURGER, MARTIN
THE NUMBER OF ADOLESCENTS ENGAGED IN SUPERVISED WORK EXPERIENCE OR WORK-STUDY PROGRAMS THAT PRESUMABLY HAVE BUILT-IN "MEANING" IS QUITE SMALL. ALTHOUGH IT IS CLAIMED THAT MEANINGFUL WORK EXPERIENCE FOR STUDENTS INCREASES THE HOLDING POWER OF THE SCHOOL, BUILDS CHARACTER, DEVELOPS DESIRABLE HABITS AND ATTITUDES, AND PROVIDES VOCATIONAL ORIENTATION, RESEARCH EVIDENCE ON THE EFFICIENCY OF WORK EXPERIENCE AS EDUCATIONAL OR THERAPEUTIC IS LACKING. IF POSITIVE OUTCOMES EMERGE FROM WORK EXPERIENCE, THEY ARE PRIMARILY FINANCIAL OR OTHERWISE INSTRUMENTAL. THIS INSTRUMENTABILITY, HOWEVER, IS CONNECTED WITH INDEPENDENCE, MATURITY, AND RESPONSIBILITY. MEETING ROLE-MODELS, KEY FIGURES, AND VOCATIONALLY SUCCESSFUL PEOPLE MAY BE JUST AS IMPORTANT AS ANY OTHER EXPERIENCE. IN DEVELOPING OR EXPANDING WORK-STUDY PROGRAMS, IT MUST BE RECOGNIZED THAT THE AVAILABILITY OF WORK SLOTS IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR OF BUSINESS IS QUITE RESTRICTED, AND THAT, ALTHOUGH THE GREATEST NUMBER OF POSSIBILITIES EXIST IN PUBLIC OR NON-PROFIT SETTINGS, THERE IS A DEARTH OF INHERENTLY MEANINGFUL JOBS IN BOTH SECTORS. THUS THE BURDEN IS ON THE COORDINATOR AND OTHER ADULTS TO USE ALL KINDS OF JOBS AND "IMPART" MEANING TO THEM BY BEING STRAIGHTFORWARD IN SPELLING OUT THE FACTS SUCH AS DRUDGERY, ACCEPTANCE OF CRITICISM, AND TOLERANCE FOR SUPERVISION. IT IS THE CONNECTION, THE RELATIONSHIP, OR THE FACT OF LIFE WHICH GIVES THE EXPERIENCE MEANING, NOT THE TASK WHICH HAS INHERENT MEANING. COORDINATORS AND JOB SUPERVISORS NEED TO RECEIVE SPECIAL TRAINING. FOR COORDINATORS, THIS MAY BE IN WORKSHOPS AT FIRST, BUT EVENTUALLY CAREER SPECIALIZED TRAINING IS ESSENTIAL. (PS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A