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ERIC Number: ED019383
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 5
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
BELIEF CONGRUENCE THEORY AND SCHOOL INTEGRATION.
WOODARD, SAMUEL L.
THIS STUDY COMBINED SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY AND EMPIRICAL RESEARCH TO TEST THE HYPOTHESIS THAT NEGRO AND WHITE PARENTS OF SIMILAR SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS WOULD NOT DIFFER SIGNIFICANTLY IN THEIR ATTITUDES TOWARD JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS OF VARYING RACIAL BALANCE IN BUFFALO, NEW YORK. THE THEORETICAL VIEWPOINT WHICH WAS TESTED IN THIS RESEARCH WAS ROKEACH'S FORMULATION THAT BELIEF CONGRUENCE TRANSCENDS ETHNIC DIFFERENCE. DATA FROM SEGREGATED INTERVIEWS OF 80 NEGRO AND 70 WHITE RANDOMLY SELECTED PARENTS DID NOT SUPPORT THE HYPOTHESIS. IT WAS FOUND THAT NEGROES AND PARENTS WITH A GREAT DEAL OF EDUCATION HAD LOWER MEAN ACCEPTANCE SCORES THAN WHITES AND PARENTS WITH LESS EDUCATION, INDICATING THAT BOTH RACE AND EDUCATION AFFECTED PARENT ATTITUDE SCORES. THE FINDINGS OF ROKEACH'S ORIGINAL STUDY APPEARED TO BE INAPPLICABLE BECAUSE OF THE NATURE OF HIS SAMPLE GROUP AND THE ABSTRACT QUALITY OF THE ISSUES POSED TO HIS SUBJECTS. THE UNEXPECTED RACE DIFFERENCES FOUND IN THE RESPONSES TO THE MORE IMMEDIATE AND CONCRETE QUESTIONS OF THE BUFFALO STUDY MIGHT BE ATTRIBUTED TO "AN UNDERLYING THREAT TO SELF-ESTEEM AND/OR STATUS," AND, IT IS POINTED OUT, PEOPLE WHO PERCEIVE SCHOOL INTEGRATION AS A THREAT ARE LIKELY "TO CONFORM TO INSTITUTIONALIZED NORMS OF THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE" AND, THEREFORE, TO MANIFEST RACIAL PREJUDICE. THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED IN THE "URBAN EDUCATION," VOLUME 2, NUMBER 3, 1966. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (Buffalo); ROKEACHS BELIEF CONGRUENCE THEORY