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ERIC Number: ED019343
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Jun
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS TO AN OBJECTIVE MEASURE OF MOTIVATION.
MCDONALD, KEITH H.
TO DETERMINE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS (SES) AND MEASURES OF ACADEMIC MOTIVATION, APTITUDE, AND ACHIEVEMENT, A SAMPLE OF 4,200 11TH-GRADE CAUCASIAN STUDENTS FROM NINE MICHIGAN HIGH SCHOOLS WAS STUDIED. THE EXPERIMENT TESTED TWO NULL HYPOTHESES--(1) THERE IS NO RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SES AND AN OBJECTIVE MEASURE OF MOTIVATION, AND (2) SES, IN COMBINATION WITH APTITUDE AND MOTIVATIONAL SCALE SCORES, WILL NOT INCREASE THE PRECISION OF PREDICTION OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT. STUDENTS' SES WAS ESTABLISHED ACCORDING TO THEIR PARENTS' OCCUPATION AND EDUCATIONAL LEVEL. APTITUDE AND MOTIVATION WERE DETERMINED BY THE DIFFERENTIAL APTITUDE TEST AND THE MICHIGAN M-SCALE. GRADE POINT AVERAGE, USED AS A MEASURE OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT, WAS COMPUTED FOR EACH STUDENT. MULTIPLE INTERCORRELATIONS AMONG THE FOUR MAJOR VARIABLES WERE CALCULATED. SES WAS NOT FOUND TO BE A SIGNIFICANT FACTOR IN DETERMINING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF 11TH-GRADE STUDENTS, PARTICULARLY UNDERACHIEVERS. THERE IS SOME DOUBT, HOWEVER, ABOUT THE STABILITY OF THE SES INDEX EMPLOYED IN THE STUDY. MOREOVER, THE INFLUENCE OF SUCH NONINTELLECTUAL FACTORS AS THE PUPIL'S ASPIRATIONAL LEVEL SHOULD BE MORE FULLY EXPLORED. THIS ARTICLE IS PUBLISHED IN "PERSONNEL AND GUIDANCE JOURNAL," VOLUME 42, JUNE 1964, P. 997-1002. (LB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Differential Aptitude Tests; Michigan State M Scales