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ERIC Number: ED019287
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-May
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS OF HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH TEACHERS ENROLLED IN A METHODS COURSE. INTERIM REPORT.
MARY CONSTANTINE, SISTER, S.S.J.
A STUDY AT LOYOLA UNIVERSITY (CHICAGO), SPONSORED BY THE ILLINOIS STATE-WIDE CURRICULUM STUDY CENTER IN THE PREPARATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL ENGLISH TEACHERS (ISCPET), TESTED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT "PERSONS ASPIRING TO BECOME TEACHERS OF ENGLISH IN HIGH SCHOOL CAN BE ALERTED AND TRAINED IN SOME OF THE VARIED, SPECIFIC, SEPARABLE, AND MEASURABLE SKILLS WHICH ARE NEEDED FOR CRITICAL THINKING AND WHICH ARE RELEVANT TO A HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH PROGRAM, AND THAT THIS TRAINING SHOULD HAVE AN EFFECT UPON THE TEACHERS' ABILITIES TO THINK CRITICALLY." BOTH AN EXPERIMENTAL GROUP (FALL, 1965) AND A CONTROL GROUP (WINTER, 1966) WERE EXPOSED TO THE USUAL CONTENT OF THE ENGLISH METHODS COURSE, EXCEPT THAT THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP RECEIVED INSTRUCTION RELATIVE TO CRITICAL-THINKING. THIS LATTER GROUP ALSO STUDIED THE OPERATIONS OF THE MIND AS DEFINED BY GUILFORD, THE NEED FOR A "COGNITIVE" RATHER THAN A "STIMULUS-RESPONSE" BIAS IN TEACHING, AND POSSIBLE METHODS USED WITHIN A HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH PROGRAM TO DEVELOP SKILLS OF CRITICAL THINKING. THE PROGRAM WAS EVALUATED BY PRE- AND POST-TESTS USING THE "WATSON-GLASER CRITICAL THINKING APPRAISAL" AND AN ADAPTATION OF THE "DRESSEL-MAYHEW TEST." THE DIFFERENCES IN PERFORMANCE OF THE EXPERIMENTAL OVER THE CONTROL GROUP WERE POSITIVE BUT STATISTICALLY NONSIGNIFICANT. POSITION PAPERS AND QUESTIONNAIRES COMPLETED BY STUDENTS IN BOTH GROUPS REVEALED THAT THOSE EXPOSED TO THE EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM HAD BECOME MORE AWARE AND APPRECIATIVE OF THE VALUE OF TEACHING FOR CRITICAL THINKING THAN HAD STUDENTS IN THE CONTROL GROUP. (THIS DOCUMENT IS ALSO AVAILABLE (LIMITED SUPPLY, FREE) FROM ISCPET, 1210 WEST CALIFORNIA, UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, URBANA, ILL. 61801.) SEE ALSO TE 000 470. (AUTHOR/RD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois State-Wide Curriculum Study Center in the Preparation of Secondary English Teachers, Urbana.
Identifiers: PROJECT ENGLISH