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ERIC Number: ED019265
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Mar
Pages: 45
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF STANDARD ENGLISH SPEECH PATTERNS IN THE BALTIMORE CITY PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
GARVEY, CATHERINE; MCFARLANE, PAUL T.
LANGUAGE PATTERNS OF BALTIMORE FIFTH-GRADERS FROM FOUR DISADVANTAGED, INNER-CITY ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS--TWO WHITE AND TWO NEGRO--AND FROM ONE WHITE MIDDLE-CLASS SUBURBAN SCHOOL WERE EXAMINED (1) TO IDENTIFY SUBGROUPS WHOSE LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR DIFFERS SYSTEMATICALLY FROM EACH OTHER AND FROM STANDARD ENGLISH, (2) TO GATHER INFORMATION ON THE LANGUAGE REPERTOIRES OF THESE SUBGROUPS, PREPARATORY TO DESIGNING LANGUAGE ARTS TEACHING MATERIALS FOR THEM, AND (3) TO ISOLATE LANGUAGE PATTERNS THAT NEED INTENSIVE TRAINING SEQUENCES. THE CHILDREN WERE ASKED TO REPEAT, AFTER A MODEL, 60 CRITICAL STANDARD ENGLISH SENTENCES, CONTAINING 15 DIFFERENT SYNTACTIC OR MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES EXPECTED TO DIFFER FROM THEIR NORMAL SPEECH. THE NUMBER AND TYPES OF SEMANTIC, GRAMMATICAL, AND STRUCTURAL TRANSPOSITIONS THEY EMPLOYED IN THE "IMITATION" WERE THEN TABULATED FOR ANALYSIS. ALTHOUGH THE PERCENTAGE OF TRANSPOSITIONS MADE BY THE CHILDREN FROM DEPRIVED BACKGROUNDS EXCEEDED THAT OF THE WHITE MIDDLE-CLASS CHILDREN, RESULTS OF THE TESTING INDICATED THAT THE SUBGROUPS WERE SIMILAR ENOUGH TO JUSTIFY USING SOME COMMON BASES FOR LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION. CERTAIN PROBLEMS INVOLVED IN THE PRODUCTION OF STANDARD ENGLISH WERE IDENTIFIED, HOWEVER, FOR SPECIFIC TREATMENT THROUGH SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONAL SEQUENCES. (INCLUDED IS DATA ON RACIAL DISTRIBUTION AND SOCIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SCHOOLS SAMPLED, AND THE VARIATION OF RESPONSES TO STIMULUS SENTENCES.). (JB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.
Identifiers: MARYLAND; Maryland (Baltimore)