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ERIC Number: ED019253
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jan-31
Pages: 216
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A DEVELOPMENTAL STUDY OF MEDICAL TRAINING SIMULATORS FOR ANESTHESIOLOGISTS. FINAL REPORT.
ABRAHAMSON, STEPHEN; DENSON, JUDSON S.
IN THIS STUDY, A COMPUTER-CONTROLLED PATIENT SIMULATOR (SIM ONE) WAS DESIGNED, CONSTRUCTED, AND TESTED FOR THE TRAINING OF ANESTHESIOLOGY RESIDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA SCHOOL OF MEDICINE. THE TRAINING INVOLVED THE DEVELOPMENT OF SKILL IN ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION. THE EXPERIMENT INVOLVED 10 ANESTHESIOLOGY RESIDENTS. FIVE WERE GIVEN TRAINING ON THE PATIENT SIMULATOR WHILE THE OTHER FIVE WERE INTRODUCED TO THEIR RESIDENCY IN THE USUAL MANNER. COMPARISONS BETWEEN SIMULATOR-TRAINED RESIDENTS AND THOSE IN THE CONTROL GROUP WERE MADE ON THE BASIS OF ELAPSED TIME FROM DATE OF ARRIVAL IN THE PROGRAM TO DATE OF PERFORMANCE AT A PROFESSIONAL LEVEL OF PROFICIENCY. THE OFFICIAL ANESTHESIA CHARTS OF THE HOSPITAL WERE USED AS THE SOURCE OF DATA. THE RESULTS INDICATE THAT THERE IS A TIME ADVANTAGE TO THE USE OF SUCH A SIMULATOR IN TRAINING ANESTHESIOLOGY RESIDENTS IN THE SKILL OF ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION. THE TIME ADVANTAGE DEMONSTRATED IS TWO-FOLD IN THAT (1) RESIDENTS ACHIEVE PROFICIENCY LEVELS IN A SMALLER NUMBER OF ELAPSED DAYS OF TRAINING, AND (2) RESIDENTS ACHIEVE A PROFICIENCY LEVEL IN A SMALLER NUMBER OF TRIALS IN THE OPERATING ROOM. THE FINAL REPORT FROM THE AEROJET-GENERAL CORPORATION, THE COMPANY WHICH DEVELOPED THE COMPUTER-CONTROLLED PATIENT SIMULATOR FOR THE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MEDICAL SCHOOL, IS PROVIDED. COMPLETE DESCRIPTIONS, INCLUDING PHOTOGRAPHS AND SCHEMATICS, OF THE HARDWARE SYSTEM, THE SOFTWARE SYSTEM, AND THE MANIKIN ARE INCLUDED. (DS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: University of Southern California, Los Angeles. School of Medicine.
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA