NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED019143
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Feb
Pages: 90
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SENSORIMOTOR EXPERIENCE AND CONCEPT FORMATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD. FINAL REPORT.
MELCER, DONALD; PECK, ROBERT F.
IN ORDER TO INVESTIGATE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SENSORIMOTOR EXPERIENCE AND THE FORMATION OF CONCEPTS IN CHILDHOOD, 2 GROUPS OF CHILDREN--1 MOTORICALLY NORMAL, THE OTHER COMPOSED OF CEREBRAL PALSIED CHILDREN--WERE COMPARED FOR ACQUISITION OF SIMPLE ACTION AND OBJECT CONCEPTS. THREE HYPOTHESES WERE TESTED. IT WAS PREDICTED (1) THAT CEREBRAL PALSIED CHILDREN WOULD IDENTIFY FEWER ACTION CONCEPTS THAN NONHANDICAPPED CHILDREN, (2) THAT PREVIOUS SENSORIMOTOR EXPERIENCE WOULD DETERMINE WHETHER CHILDREN WOULD UTILIZE A MOTORIC OR NONMOTORIC MODE OF PROBLEM SOLVING, AND (3) THAT CEREBRAL PALSIED CHILDREN WOULD HAVE POORER WEIGHT DISCRIMINATION THAN NORMAL CHILDREN. THE EXPERIMENT WAS A SIMPLE EX POST FACTO COMPARISON OF 2 GROUPS AND HAD THE DISADVANTAGE THAT THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE-- SENSORIMOTOR EXPERIENCE--WAS NOT CONTROLLED. TWO GROUPS OF 40 CHILDREN RANGING IN AGE FROM 42 TO 66 MONTHS MADE UP THE SAMPLE. THE MAJOR CRITERION FOR INCLUSION WAS THE ABILITY TO RESPOND TO THE EXAMPLE PLATES OF THE PEABODY PICTURE VOCABULARY TEST (PPVT). THE CHILDREN WERE GIVEN 4 TESTS--(1) THE PPVT, FORM A, (2) A MODIFIED PPVT DESIGNED TO ALLOW AN ACTION OR CONCEPT PICTORIAL IDENTIFICATION IN RESPONSE TO A WORD, (3) A TEST OF WEIGHT DISCRIMINATION, AND (4) A TEST OF ADAPTIVE MODE. CHI-SQUARE ANALYSIS OF THE TEST SCORES OF THE 2 GROUPS STRONGLY SUPPORTED THE ACCEPTANCE OF ALL 3 HYPOTHESES. THE MAJOR CONCLUSION THAT CAN BE DRAWN IS THAT CONSIDERABLE SUPPORT IS GIVEN TO CURRENT THEORIES THAT SENSORIMOTOR EXPERIENCE IN INFANCY IS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR IN CONCEPT FORMATION. ONE EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATION IS THAT SEVERELY CEREBRAL PALSIED CHILDREN MIGHT PROFIT FROM SPECIALLY DESIGNED EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin.
Identifiers: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; TEST OF WEIGHT DISCRIMINATION; Texas (Austin)