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ERIC Number: ED019142
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr-3
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CRITICAL OVERVIEW OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMS.
LAVATELLI, C.B.
PRESENT PRESCHOOL PROGRAMS FOR DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN ARE OF 3 KINDS--(1) AN INVENTORY TYPE WHICH ATTEMPTS TO IDENTIFY DEFICITS WHICH WILL AFFECT SCHOOL LEARNING AND TO OVERCOME THESE THROUGH EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES, (2) A PLAN BASED ON A RECAPITULATION THEORY WHICH ATTEMPTS TO DESCRIBE DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES AND TO COMPENSATE FOR THOSE WHICH A PARTICULAR CHILD HAS MISSED, AND (3) A COMPUTER MODEL IN WHICH THE CURRICULUM DOES NOT TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION SUCH PERSONAL FACTORS AS A CHILD'S ATTITUDE OR PERSONALITY BUT CONCENTRATES ON THE MECHANISTIC FUNCTION OF THE BRAIN TO RECEIVE, PROCESS, AND STORE DATA. PRESCHOOL PROGRAMS FOR THE DISADVANTAGED HAVE CONCENTRATED ON LANGUAGE AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT AS THE CHILDREN HAVE DEMONSTRATED LACKS IN THESE AREAS. SOME OF THE DEVELOPMENTAL PRINCIPLES THAT APPLY TO LANGUAGE TRAINING ALSO APPLY TO INTELLECTIVE PROCESSES. THEREFORE, APPLICATION OF THESE TRAINING PRINCIPLES SHOULD RESULT IN A HIGHER LEVEL OF INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING. A FIRST PRINCIPLE OF LANGUAGE TRAINING IS THAT A CHILD SHOULD HEAR GOOD SAMPLES OF LANGUAGE USAGE SO THAT HE CAN LEARN TO DECODE MEANING AND TO CONSTRUCT HIS OWN RESPONSES. A MOTHER OR TEACHER WHO EXPANDS OR EXTENDS THE CHILD'S SENTENCES IMPROVES HIS LANGUAGE ENVIRONMENT. WHEN THE TEACHER IS AWARE OF SENTENCE STRUCTURE SHE CAN RECOGNIZE LANGUAGE AREAS IN WHICH A CHILD IS WEAK. THESE AREAS CAN THEN BE STRENGTHENED BY OFFERING PRESCHOOL ACTIVITIES DESIGNED TO ELICIT DESCRIPTIVE AND COMPARATIVE RESPONSES, THUS STIMULATING VERBAL EXPRESSION. POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT BY THE TEACHER HELPS TO IMPROVE THE CHILD'S MEANINGFUL COMMUNICATION. THIS PAPER WAS PREPARED FOR THE HEAD START CONFERENCE (BERKELEY, APRIL 3, 1968). (MS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana, National Lab. on Early Childhood Education.
Identifiers: Bereiter Engelmann Curriculum