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ERIC Number: ED019138
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN NORMAL AND DISORDERED CHILDREN BY A COMPUTER ANALYSIS OF EMOTIONAL AND VERBAL BEHAVIOR.
ALEXANDER, THERON; LEAVERTON, PAUL
IT HAS BEEN SUGGESTED THAT THE EMOTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PEOPLE CAN BE INVESTIGATED BY STUDYING THEIR VERBAL BEHAVIOR. THIS STUDY INVESTIGATED THE USE OF EMOTIONAL WORDS, BOTH POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE, AND THE TOTAL VERBAL OUTPUT OF NORMAL AND DISORDERED CHILDREN TO DETERMINE IF SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES IN VERBAL EXPRESSION OCCUR. TWO GROUPS OF CHILDREN, 7 TO 12 YEARS OF AGE, WERE RECRUITED. FORTY OF THEM WERE DIAGNOSED AS NORMAL CHILDREN, AND 38 AS HAVING BEHAVIOR DISORDERS. EACH CHILD WAS SHOWN 5 STIMULUS CARDS PORTRAYING A NEUTRAL SCENE CONTAINING 1 OR 2 PEOPLE AND WAS ASKED TO DESCRIBE INTERACTION AND EMOTION. THESE IMPRESSIONS WERE RECORDED AND THEN ANALYZED TO SEE IF THEY CONTAINED ANY OF 5 POSITIVE OR 5 NEGATIVE WORDS SELECTED TO INDICATE WHETHER THE CHILD'S REACTION TO THE STIMULUS CARD WAS POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE. ALL OF THE DATA ANALYSIS WAS DONE BY COMPUTER. THE COMPUTER WAS PROGRAMMED TO ANALYZE THE RECORDINGS FOR THE USE OF THE 10 EMOTION-DETERMINATION WORDS AND WAS ALSO PROGRAMMED TO DETERMINE TOTAL WORDS USED. THE SCORE FOR EACH CHILD WAS DERIVED BY THE COMPUTER ON THE BASIS OF A PREPROGRAMMED FORMULA. THE RESULTS SHOWED THAT THE NORMAL CHILDREN USED SIGNIFICANTLY MORE POSITIVE WORDS TO DESCRIBE THE PICTURES AND ALSO USED SIGNIFICANTLY MORE TOTAL WORDS THAN THE CHILDREN WITH BEHAVIOR DISORDERS. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THIS COMPUTER PROCEDURE FOR ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTENCE OF EMOTIONAL DISORDERS MEANINGFULLY DIFFERENTIATES BETWEEN EMOTIONALLY NORMAL AND EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED CHILDREN. THEREFORE, IT SHOULD HAVE GENERAL VALUE IN ANALYZING GROUPS OF CHILDREN THAT HAVE NOT BEEN PREVIOUSLY DIAGNOSED FOR THE EXISTENCE OF EMOTIONAL DISORDERS. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Iowa Univ., Iowa City.
Identifiers: N/A