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ERIC Number: ED019127
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Jul-18
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EARLY LEARNING IN THE HOME.
BLOOM, BENJAMIN S.
RECOGNITION OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS OF CULTURALLY AND SOCIALLY DEPRIVED CHILDREN TOGETHER WITH THE GROWING EVIDENCE OF THE EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT ON LATER EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT HAS LED TO THE PROPOSING OF LARGE-SCALE PROGRAMS TO ATTACK THESE PROBLEMS. IT SEEMS THAT SPECIAL NURSERY SCHOOL AND KINDERGARTEN PROGRAMS OFFER THE HIGHEST POTENTIAL PAYOFF. SUCH PROGRAMS ARE BEING DEVELOPED FIRST FOR DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN BUT WILL EVENTUALLY BE EXTENDED TO ALL. AN IMPORTANT QUESTION WHICH IS RAISED IS WHAT THE GOALS OF SUCH PROGRAMS SHOULD BE. SOME ANSWERS TO THE QUESTION POSED ARE AVAILABLE FROM VARIOUS TYPES OF RESEARCH INCLUDING LONGITUDINAL STUDIES, OTHER THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL STUDIES OF DEVELOPMENT, RESEARCH IN THE HOME ENVIRONMENT, AND RESEARCH ON PROCESSES IN INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT. A GENERAL CONCLUSION FROM THIS RESEARCH IS THAT VERY EARLY DEVELOPMENT IS QUITE CRITICAL. THE LIKELIHOOD THAT THE PARENTS, PARTICULARLY THOSE OF CULTURALLY DEPRIVED CHILDREN, ARE ABLE TO ADEQUATELY SUPPLY THIS DEVELOPMENT SEEMS SLIGHT. THUS, THERE IS AN IMPORTANT TASK FOR THE SCHOOLS BOTH IN HELPING THE PARENTS AND IN SUPPLEMENTING THEIR EFFORTS. SOME MAJOR PROGRAM OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED BY THE RESEARCH ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT ARE (1) INCREASING THE RANGE OF THE CHILD'S PERCEPTIONS AND EXPERIENCES, (2) DEVELOPING AN EXTENDED AND ACCURATE USE OF LANGUAGE, (3) CREATING AN ENTHUSIASM FOR LEARNING THROUGH THE CHILD'S ABILITY TO MASTER LEARNING TASKS, (4) DEVELOPING THE CHILD'S THINKING AND REASONING SKILLS, AND (5) DEVELOPING PURPOSIVE LEARNING ACTIVITY IN THE CHILD. THIS PAPER WAS GIVEN AT THE FIRST B. J. PALEY LECTURE, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGELES, JULY 18, 1965. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles.
Identifiers: N/A