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ERIC Number: ED019124
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Aug-31
Pages: 163
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
FINAL REPORT ON HEAD START EVALUATION AND RESEARCH--1966-67 TO THE INSTITUTE FOR EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT. SECTION VIII, RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SELF-CONCEPT AND SPECIFIC VARIABLES IN A LOW-INCOME CULTURALLY DIFFERENT POPULATION.
MCDANIEL, ELIZABETH LOGAN
ANGLO, NEGRO, AND MEXICAN-AMERICAN CHILDREN WERE STUDIED TO INVESTIGATE FUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS WHICH EXIST BETWEEN THE SELF-CONCEPT OF THE LOW-INCOME, CULTURALLY DIFFERENT CHILD AND CERTAIN ORGANISMIC (RACE, SEX, FAMILY SIZE, BIRTH ORDER, GRADE LEVEL) AND BEHAVIORAL (ACHIEVEMENT AND INTELLIGENCE TEST RESULTS) VARIABLES. ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY CHILDREN (30 EACH IN GRADES 1 THROUGH 6) WERE RATED ON A 30-ITEM, 5-POINT, INFERRED SELF-CONCEPT SCALE DEVELOPED FOR THE STUDY. RATINGS MADE BY THE CHILD'S TEACHER AND THE SCHOOL COUNSELOR WERE USED TO TEST SCALE RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY, BUT ONLY THE TEACHERS' RATINGS WERE USED IN THE ANALYSES OF HYPOTHESES. CORRELATION OF SELF-CONCEPT RATINGS WITH THE ABOVE VARIABLES SHOWED THAT THE CHILDREN VIEWED THEMSELVES POSITIVELY. AFTER 6 MONTHS OF SCHOOL, THE CHILDREN WERE AGAIN RATED BY TEACHERS AND ANALYSIS OF THE DATA SHOWED (1) THAT SELF-CONCEPTS OF ALL THE EXPERIMENTAL CHILDREN HAD DECLINED SIGNIFICANTLY, (2) THAT INADEQUATE VERBAL SKILLS (FOUND IN THE MEXICAN-AMERICAN CHILDREN) WERE RELATED TO LOW SELF-CONCEPTS, AND (3) THAT IT CANNOT BE ASSUMED THAT ALL MEMBERS OF ONE SPECIFIC RACE OR ECONOMIC CLASS HAVE LOW SELF-CONCEPTS. SINCE THIS EXPERIMENT WAS BASED ON THE THEORY THAT SOCIAL PRESSURE FORMS SELF-CONCEPT, ONE CONCLUSION IS THAT CHILDREN MUST FEEL THAT THERE IS PERSONAL VALUE IN ACHIEVING MIDDLE CLASS GOALS IF THEY ARE TO ACHIEVE IN SCHOOL. THEREFORE, ACHIEVEMENT MUST BE POSITIVELY RELATED TO THE VALUE SYSTEM OF A SPECIFIC POPULATION. (MS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Child Development Evaluation and Research Center.
Identifiers: McDaniel Inferred Self Concept Scale; PROJECT HEAD START