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ERIC Number: ED018913
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-May
Pages: 61
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A PILOT STUDY COMPARING THE BLOCK SYSTEM AND THE INTERMITTENT SYSTEM OF SCHEDULING SPEECH CORRECTION CASES IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
WEAVER, JOHN B.; WOLLERSHEIM, JANET P.
TO DETERMINE THE MOST EFFICIENT USES OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOL SPEECH CORRECTIONIST'S SKILLS AND TIME, A STUDY WAS UNDERTAKEN TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE INTERMITTENT SYSTEM AND THE BLOCK SYSTEM OF SCHEDULING SPEECH CASES. WITH THE INTERMITTENT SYSTEM THE CORRECTIONIST IS ASSIGNED TO A NUMBER OF SCHOOLS AND GENERALLY SEES CHILDREN TWICE A WEEK FOR 15 TO 20 MINUTES. UNDER THE BLOCK SYSTEM CHILDREN RECEIVE DAILY THERAPY FOR 3 TO 6 WEEKS, AND 1 DAY A WEEK THE CORRECTIONIST RETURNS TO ALTERNATE SCHOOLS FOR CARRYOVER OR SEVERE SPEECH CASES. THE STUDY HYPOTHESIZED THAT ARTICULATION PROBLEMS WOULD SHOW GREATER IMPROVEMENT WITH THE BLOCK SYSTEM, AND THAT WHEN ARTICULATION PROBLEMS WERE VIEWED IN TERMS OF FOUR SEVERITY GROUPINGS THE BLOCK SYSTEM WOULD MAKE GREATER GAINS. TWO CORRECTIONISTS USED THE BLOCK SYSTEM IN FIVE CHAMPAIGN (ILLINOIS) PUBLIC ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS WITH 153 CHILDREN, WHILE FOUR CORRECTIONISTS USED THE INTERMITTENT SYSTEM IN 13 SCHOOLS WITH 243 CHILDREN. NONE OF THE CHILDREN WERE IN ORTHOPEDIC OR MENTALLY RETARDED CLASSES. THE TEMPLIN-DARLEY ARTICULATION TEST WAS ADMINISTERED AT THE OPENING AND CLOSE OF THE SCHOOL YEAR, AND THE ILLINOIS TYPOLOGICAL RATING SCALE WITH SEVERITY RATINGS FROM ONE TO FOUR WAS APPLIED. WHEN THE TWO TOTAL GROUPS WERE COMPARED, SPEECH GAINS OF BLOCK SYSTEM CHILDREN WERE CONSISTENTLY AND SIGNIFICANTLY GREATER THAN THOSE OF THE CHILDREN ON THE INTERMITTENT SYSTEM (.01 LEVEL OF CONFIDENCE). OF THE FOUR SEVERITY GROUPINGS, ONE BLOCK SYSTEM GROUP, THE SECOND MOST SEVERE, MADE SPEECH GAINS OF STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE (.01 LEVEL). SCHOOL PRINCIPALS AND MOST TEACHERS WHO EXPERIENCED BOTH SYSTEMS PREFERRED THE BLOCK SYSTEM. SIX TABLES, FIVE REFERENCES, AND AN APPENDED SCORE SHEET ARE PROVIDED. (GD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Champaign Community Unit School District 4, IL.
Identifiers: ILLINOIS TYPOLOGICAL RATING SCALE; Templin Darley Tests of Articulation