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ERIC Number: ED018887
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF REINFORCER HIERARCHIES IN DEVELOPMENTAL RETARDATES--BASELINE STABLIZATION.
ORLANDO, ROBERT; TYLER, RUSSELL M.
THE FIRST STAGE OF A RESEARCH PROJECT INVESTIGATING REINFORCER PREFERENCES IN DEVELOPMENTAL RETARDATES IS DESCRIBED. THE SUBJECTS, 12 MALES AND THREE FEMALES (CHRONOLOGICAL AGE 10 TO 22, MENTAL AGE 2.8 TO 8.7), WERE PRESENTED WITH A TASK IN WHICH 35MM COLOR SLIDES WERE PROJECTED ONTO A CONSOLE WINDOW. RESPONSES REQUIRED SUBJECTS TO CHOOSE AMONG FOUR REINFORCERS--M/M CANDIES, CHEERIOS, TRINKETS, AND PENNIES. RESULTS INDICATED THAT MOST SUBJECTS TENDED TO DISTRIBUTE THEIR REINFORCER CHOICE RESPONSES IN ONE OF TWO WAYS--(1) CHOICES WERE INITIALLY DISTRIBUTED OVER THE FOUR REINFORCERS, AND WITHIN SIX SESSIONS ONE REINFORCER BECAME MORE FREQUENTLY SELECTED AND (2) A PARTICULAR REINFORCER WAS INITIALLY SELECTED WITH HIGH FREQUENCY, AND A SECOND REINFORCER DEVELOPED AS A LOW FREQUENCY CHOICE. OTHER RESPONSE PATTERNS WERE ALTERNATION ON A CYCLICAL BASIS AND VARIABILITY OF CHOICE NOT BECOMING STABLE UNTIL THE 25TH SESSION. FURTHER REFINEMENT OF METHODOLOGY IS INDICATED. EIGHTEEN GRAPHS AND FOUR REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (DT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN.; George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN. Inst. on Mental Retardation and Intellectual Development.
Identifiers: N/A