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ERIC Number: ED018855
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PREFERENCES OF PRINCIPALS FOR INSTRUMENTAL AND EXPRESSIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF TEACHERS RELATED TO SYSTEM TYPE.
BRIDGES, EDWIN M.
ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS PREFER TEACHERS WITH EXPRESSIVE CHARACTERISTICS. THIS WAS THE MAJOR RESULT STEMMING FROM TESTS OF TWO HYPOTHESES--(1) ELEMENTARY PRINCIPALS IN WORKING-CLASS (TYPE W) SCHOOL SYSTEMS, IN CONTRAST TO PRINCIPALS FROM MIDDLE CLASS (TYPE M) SYSTEMS, WILL INDICATE A HIGHER PROBABILITY OF SUCCESS IN THEIR SCHOOL SYSTEMS FOR TEACHERS WITH INSTRUMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS THAN FOR TEACHERS WITH EXPRESSIVE CHARACTERISTICS, AND (2) ELEMENTARY PRINCIPALS IN TYPE M SCHOOL SYSTEMS, IN CONTRAST TO PRINCIPALS FROM TYPE W SYSTEMS, WILL INDICATE A HIGHER PROBABILITY OF SUCCESS IN THEIR SCHOOL SYSTEMS FOR TEACHERS WITH EXPRESSIVE CHARACTERISTICS THAN FOR TEACHERS WITH INSTRUMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS. TWELVE SCHOOL SYSTEMS (SIX TYPE W AND SIX TYPE M) IN THE ST. LOUIS METROPOLITAN AREA WERE SELECTED FOR STUDY. STUDENT TEACHER EVALUATION FORMS WERE CONSTRUCTED AND SENT TO 72 ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS IN THESE SYSTEMS. FIFTY-SIX USABLE REPLIES WERE RETURNED, 29 FROM TYPE M AND 27 FROM TYPE W. A THREE-WAY ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE WAS PERFORMED WITH THE "PROBABILITY OF SUCCESS" RATING ASSIGNED BY PRINCIPALS TO EACH TEACHER AS THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE AND "SYSTEM TYPE,""TEACHER TYPE," AND "LEVEL TAUGHT" AS THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES. THE RESULTS INDICATED THAT THE TWO HYPOTHESES DID NOT HOLD, BUT THAT BOTH TYPES OF SYSTEMS CLEARLY EXPRESSED A HIGHER PROBABILITY OF SUCCESS FOR TEACHERS OF THE EXPRESSIVE TYPE THAN FOR INSTRUMENTAL TYPES. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED TO THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION (CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, FEBRUARY 8-10, 1968). (HW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Illinois (Chicago)