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ERIC Number: ED018799
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Apr
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
WRITING LABORATORIES--A NEW APPROACH TO TEACHING COMPOSITION.
SANDBERG, KARL C.
AT THE ECONOMICS INSTITUTE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO, A SUMMER ORIENTATION PROGRAM FOR FOREIGN GRADUATE STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS, AN APPROACH TO THE TEACHING OF COMPOSITION HAS BEEN DEVELOPED WHICH INVOLVES THE USE OF WRITING LABORATORIES BASED ON THE PRINCIPLES OF THE AURAL-ORAL LANGUAGE LABORATORY. THE BASIC PRINCIPLE OF THE LATTER IS THAT BY MEANS OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT THE STUDENT HAS THE OPPORTUNITY OF EXTENDED SELF-CORRECTING PRACTICE OF MATERIALS INTRODUCED IN CLASS. THE IMMEDIATE VERIFICATION OF HIS RESPONSE IS BUILT INTO THE PROGRAM. THE WRITING LABORATORY AS USED BY THE AUTHOR CONSISTS OF A SMALL GROUP OF ABOUT SEVEN TO TEN STUDENTS WHO PRACTICE COMPOSITION UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF AN INSTRUCTOR. A TYPICAL SESSION LASTS FOR ABOUT ONE AND A HALF HOURS. THE INSTRUCTOR CIRCULATES AMONG THE STUDENTS, CORRECTING THEIR LEXICAL AND STRUCTURAL MISTAKES, SUGGESTING ADDITIONAL VOCABULARY, AND POINTING OUT STYLISTIC DEVICES WHICH WILL MAKE THE WRITING MORE EFFECTIVE. THE STUDENT KEEPS HIS CORRECTED ASSIGNMENT IN A FOLDER WHICH HE BRINGS EACH TIME, PERMITTING A CUMULATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE TYPES OF MISTAKES WHICH HE TENDS TO MAKE. SEVERAL BASIC LINGUISTIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES MUST BE KEPT IN MIND IN PREPARING MATERIALS FOR THIS TYPE OF WRITING EXERCISE--(1) THE STUDENT MUST NOT BE ASKED TO PERFORM ON A SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER LEVEL OF PROFICIENCY THAN HE IS PREPARED FOR. (2) WHILE THE STUDENT IS STILL ON LEVELS TWO AND THREE, EMPHASIS ON FORM (THE MANIPULATION OF THE STRUCTURES) SHOULD PRECEDE EMPHASIS ON THE CONTENT OF THE COMPOSITION. A SAMPLE DRILL PRACTICING PAST TENSE NARRATION IS PRESENTED. THIS PAPER WAS READ AT THE NATIONAL NAFSA MEETINGS IN HOUSTON, TEXAS, APRIL 1967, AND APPEARS IN THE "ARIZONA FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHERS' FORUM, VOLUME XV, NUMBER 3," PUBLISHED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF ROMANCE LANGUAGES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA, TUCSON, ARIZONA 85721. (AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A