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ERIC Number: ED018795
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb
Pages: 2
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
LEARNING TO READ SCIENTIFIC RUSSIAN BY THE THREE QUESTION EXPERIMENTAL (3QX) METHOD.
ALFORD, M.H.T.
A NEW METHOD FOR LEARNING TO READ TECHNICAL LITERATURE IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IS BEING DEVELOPED AND TESTED AT THE LANGUAGE CENTRE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ESSEX, COLCHESTER, ENGLAND. THE METHOD IS CALLED "THREE QUESTION EXPERIMENTAL METHOD (3QX)," AND IT HAS BEEN USED IN THREE COURSES FOR TEACHING SCIENTIFIC RUSSIAN TO PHYSICISTS. THE THREE QUESTIONS--WHAT, HOW, AND WHEN TO LEARN--ARE CONSIDERED FOR EVERY DETAIL WHICH STUDENTS WILL ENCOUNTER AND PRECISE INSTRUCTIONS ARE GIVEN TO ATTAIN OPTIMUM PERFORMANCE. THE ANSWERS TO THESE QUESTIONS ARE DECIDED ON THE BASIS OF COMPUTER ANALYSIS OF THE TARGET LITERATURE AND ON LEARNING PROCEDURES DERIVED FROM EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. IN THE 3QX METHOD, VOCABULARY LEARNING IS TAKEN AS THE MAJOR SUBJECT SINCE IN ANY SPECIALIZED LITERATURE THE 1,000 MOST COMMON WORDS COVER ABOUT 90 PERCENT OF THE TEXT. THE PHYSICS COURSE BEGINS WITH A FIVE-HOUR INTRODUCTION TO THE RUSSIAN ALPHABET, PRONUNCIATION, WORD FORMATION, AND TECHNIQUES OF MEMORIZATION. STUDENTS THEN LEARN THE FIRST 500 DIFFERENT WORDS WHICH ARE USED EXCLUSIVELY IN AN ELEMENTARY RUSSIAN TEXTBOOK ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE ATOM. LEARNERS CAN START READING THE TEXT IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE WORDS ARE MEMORIZED (15 HOURS OF STUDY IN THREE WEEKS, ONE HOUR A DAY) AND ARE ABLE TO DEDUCE CONTEXT FROM THE VOCABULARY AND FROM THEIR SUPERIOR KNOWLEDGE OF THE SUBJECT MATTER. THE RUSSIAN IS READ THROUGH A GRILL WHICH CAN BE MOVED TO SHOW THE ENGLISH EQUIVALENT, THE GRAMMATICAL FUNCTION, AND THE DICTIONARY FORM OF EVERY WORD USED. IN ADDITION, THE 1,026 MOST FREQUENTLY USED WORDS IN RUSSIAN THEORETICAL PHYSICS HAVE BEEN PREPARED FOR MEMORIZATION ON CARDS. A SECOND TEXT, ON RADIOACTIVITY, IS BEING PREPARED FOR FURTHER PRACTICE IN DEDUCTION. IT IS PLANNED TO EXTEND WORK TO RUSSIAN CHEMISTRY AND MATHEMATICS. AT SOME TIME IN THE FUTURE THE CARD SYSTEM OF LEARNING IS LIKELY TO BE SUPPLEMENTED OR SUPPLANTED BY A COMPUTER WHICH WILL MEASURE THE SPEED AT WHICH THE LEARNER REMEMBERS THE MEANING OF EACH ITEM. THIS ARTICLE APPEARED IN "THE LINGUISTIC REPORTER," FEBRUARY, 1968, PUBLISHED BY THE CENTER FOR APPLIED LINGUISTICS, 1717 MASSACHUSETTS AVE., N.W., WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036. (JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A