NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED018793
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Jul
Pages: 39
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PROBLEMS OF THE FORMATION OF UNIFIED NORMS IN THE BASHKIR NATIONAL LANGUAGE. PRELIMINARY TRANSLATIONS OF SELECTED WORKS IN SOCIOLINGUISTICS. NUMBER IV.
JULDASEV, A.A.
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A STANDARD NORM IN THE BASHKIR NATIONAL LANGUAGE BEGAN, ESSENTIALLY, AS LATE AS THE 1930'S AFTER THE FORMATION OF THE BASHKIR A.S.R. BEFORE THIS, THE BASHKIR LANGUAGE DID NOT HAVE A STANDARD LITERARY FORM. PROGRESSIVE BASHKIR EDUCATORS OF THE LATE NINETEENTH AND EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURIES FOUGHT FOR THE LIBERATION OF THE LITERARY LANGUAGE FROM ELEMENTS OF CENTRAL ASIATIC TURKI. AS A RESULT, A SIGNIFICANT LITERATURE WAS CREATED AT THE BEGINNING OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY BASED PRIMARILY ON COLLOQUIAL (SPOKEN) BASHKIR. THE INFLUENCE OF TURKI ON THE WRITTEN LANGUAGE WAS SO DEEP, HOWEVER, THAT THE FEATURES OF THE ORAL LANGUAGE COULD NOT BECOME PREDOMINANT IN THE WRITTEN LANGUAGE. THE SPOKEN ("FOLK-COLLOQUIAL") BASHKIR IS DESCRIBED AS HAVING SPLIT INTO THREE TERRITORIAL DIALECT GROUPS, WHICH DEVELOPED UNDER DIFFERENT SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS DURING THE SIXTEENTH TO EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES--(1) THE NORTHWESTERN DIALECTS, STRONGLY INFLUENCED BY TATAR, (2) THE SOUTHWESTERN DIALECTS, COMPARATIVELY UNIFIED IN THE JURMATI DIALECT, AND (3) THE NORTHEASTERN GROUPS, REPRESENTED BY THE KUVAKAN DIALECT. WHILE THE JURMATI AND KUVAKAN DIALECTS DEVELOPED SEPARATELY IN THE LAST TWO CENTURIES, THEY STILL MOST FULLY PRESENT THE CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF THE BASHKIR LANGUAGE WHICH WERE LOST BY MANY NORTHWESTERN DIALECTS AS THE RESULT OF FOREIGN INFLUENCE. THE COMMUNALITY OF FEATURES IN THESE TWO DIALECTS SERVED AS A PREMISE (ACCORDING TO A RESOLUTION ADOPTED IN 1925). A DISCUSSION OF THE LINGUISTIC PROBLEMS INVOLVED AS WELL AS NUMEROUS NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED IN THIS STUDY, TRANSLATED BY PHILIP DORFF OF THE CENTER FOR APPLIED LINGUISTICS. CONTENT EDITOR WAS NICHOLAS POPPE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON. THIS STUDY APPEARED ORIGINALLY IN "VOPROSY FORMIROVANIJA I RAZVITIJA NACIONAL'NYX JAZYKOV (PROBLEMS OF THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL LANGUAGES)," M.M. GUXMAN, EDITOR, MOSCOW, 1960. (AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: JURMATI; STANDARD LITERARY NORM; TURKI