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ERIC Number: ED018792
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Jul
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE UZBEK NATIONAL LANGUAGE. PRELIMINARY TRANSLATIONS OF SELECTED WORKS IN SOCIOLINGUISTICS, NUMBER III.
RESETOV, V.V.
THE UZBEKS BELONG TO THOSE TURKIC-SPEAKING PEOPLES WHO HAVE A RICH LITERARY TRADITION. THE STUDY OF THE OLD UZBEK LITERARY LANGUAGE (SOMETIMES REFERRED TO INCORRECTLY AS "CHAGATAY") IS OF THE UTMOST IMPORTANCE FOR DETERMINING THE PERIOD OF HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE UZBEK LITERARY LANGUAGE. IT IS ALSO IMPORTANT FOR ESTABLISHING ITS RELATIONSHIP TO (1) UZBEK DIALECTS, (2) RELATED TURKIC LANGUAGES, PARTICULARLY UIGHUR, AND (3) NON-RELATED LANGUAGES, SUCH AS TAJIK (CENTRAL ASIATIC PERSIAN) AND ARABIC. THE FORMATION OF THE OLD UZBEK LITERARY LANGUAGE DATES BACK TO THE FOURTEENTH AND FIFTEENTH CENTURIES. A LARGE PART OF THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY LITERATURE REMAINS UNSTUDIED TO THIS DAY. WHILE THE WRITTEN LANGUAGE OF THIS PERIOD WAS "HIGH STYLE" AND NOT INTELLIGIBLE TO THE BROAD MASSES OF THE PEOPLE, AT ITS BASE LAY A FOLK LANGUAGE HEAVILY INFLUENCED BY LEXICAL BORROWINGS FROM ARABIC AND TAJIK. THE GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE WAS AND STILL IS MORE STABLE, REVEALING A SIGNIFICANT CORRELATION BETWEEN THE CASE FORMS OF OLD UZBEK AND MODERN UZBEK. THE UNUSUAL NATURE OF THE DIALECT MAP OF UZBEK IS BEST EXPLAINED IN TERMS OF THE COMPLEXITY OF THE ETHNO-GENETIC PROCESS UNDER WHICH THE UZBEK NATION WAS FORMED. CERTAIN LOCAL DIALECTS HAVE RETAINED CLEAR TRACES OF LINGUISTIC INTERACTION BETWEEN MEMBERS OF VARIOUS TURKIC TRIBAL GROUPS DURING DIFFERENT PERIODS OF THEIR JOINT EXISTENCE. ALSO A CONTRIBUTING FACTOR IS THE VERY PROLONGED LINGUISTIC CONTACT WITH NON-TURKIC ETHNIC ELEMENTS. RESULTS OF THE INFLUENCE OF THIS SUBSTRATUM ARE CLEARLY APPARENT NOT ONLY IN THE LEXICAL SPHERE BUT ALSO IN PHONETICS, AND TO SOME EXTENT, IN THE GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE OF UZBEK. THIS STUDY, TRANSLATED BY HELEN CHAVCHAVADZE OF CENTER FOR APPLIED LINGUISTICS AND EDITED FOR CONTENT BY ANDREE S. SJOBERG OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, APPEARED ORIGINALLY IN "VOPROSY FORMIVORANIJA I RAZVITIJA NACIONAL'NYX JAZYKOV (PROBLEMS OF THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL LANGUAGES," M.M. GUXMAN, EDITOR, MOSCOW, 1960. (AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: SUBSTRATA; VOWEL HARMONY