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ERIC Number: ED018779
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Dec
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SPANISH AND THE HIGH SCHOOL LEARNER OF PORTUGUESE.
HENSEY, FRITZ
SINCE MANY STUDENTS OF PORTUGUESE HAVE SOME PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE OF SPANISH, THE TEACHER OF PORTUGUESE SHOULD BE AWARE OF THE EFFECTS CAUSED BY THE CLOSE STRUCTURAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THESE LANGUAGES. THE AUTHOR BELIEVES THAT "FOR PRACTICAL PURPOSES, AN AMERICAN ENGLISH SPEAKER WHO HAS A REASONABLE (UNDEFINED) COMMAND OF SPANISH WILL REACT TO PORTUGUESE IN ESSENTIALLY THE SAME WAY THAT A NATIVE SPANISH SPEAKER WILL." THIS HYPOTHESIS IS BASED ON THE AUTHOR'S PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS OF THREE GROUPS OF PORTUGUESE LEARNERS--NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH WITH SOME MASTERY OF SPANISH, LATIN AMERICAN NATIVE SPEAKERS OF SPANISH, AND URUGUAYANS LIVING ON THE BORDER NEAR BRAZIL WHO LEARN PORTUGUESE ALONG WITH SPANISH FROM EARLY CHILDHOOD. IN ALL THREE GROUPS THE INFLUENCE OF SPANISH ON THE LEARNING OF PORTUGUESE WAS "STRIKINGLY SIMILAR" AND DIFFERENCES AMONG THE GROUPS APPEARED MOSTLY OF DEGREE RATHER THAN TYPE. AT THE PRESENT AND IN THE NEAR FUTURE, HOWEVER, AMERICAN STUDENTS WITH COMPETENCE IN SPANISH WILL HAVE TO USE AVAILABLE TEXTS WRITTEN FOR THE MONOLINGUAL ENGLISH SPEAKER. THE INDIVIDUAL TEACHER OF PORTUGUESE WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR--(1) BECOMING FAMILIAR WITH THE STRUCTURE OF SPANISH THROUGH LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTIONS OF ITS PHONOLOGY AND GRAMMAR, AND (2) DEFINING THE NATURE OF THE LINGUISTIC PROBLEMS INVOLVED IN CONTRASTING THE TWO LANGUAGES, AT LEAST IN TERMS OF WHETHER THE SOUND SYSTEM, THE GRAMMAR, OR THE VOCABULARY ARE INVOLVED. SEVERAL SHORT EXAMPLES ARE GIVEN OF POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF A BACKGROUND IN SPANISH ON THE LEARNER'S PERFORMANCE IN BEGINNING AND INTERMEDIATE PORTUGUESE. (JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A