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ERIC Number: ED018590
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Jan
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A THEORY OF WORK ADJUSTMENT. MINNESOTA STUDIES IN VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION, 15.
DAWIS, RENE V.; AND OTHERS
A THEORY OF WORK ADJUSTMENT WHICH MAY CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SCIENCE OF THE PSYCHOLOGY OF OCCUPATIONAL BEHAVIOR IS PROPOSED. IT BUILDS ON THE BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL CONCEPTS OF STIMULUS, RESPONSE, AND REINFORCEMENT, AND PROVIDES A RESEARCH PARADIGM FOR GENERATING TESTABLE HYPOTHESES. IT WAS DERIVED FROM EARLY RESEARCH EFFORTS OF THE REGIONAL REHABILITATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA. WORK ADJUSTMENT IS THE OUTCOME OF THE INTERACTION BETWEEN AN INDIVIDUAL AND HIS WORK ENVIRONMENT IN TERMS OF SATISFACTION AND SATISFACTORINESS. THE THEORY IS FORMULATED IN TERMS OF (1) THE DEFINITIONS OF SATISFACTION, SATISFACTORINESS, ABILITIES, NEEDS, ABILITY REQUIREMENTS, REINFORCER SYSTEM, CORRESPONDENCE, AND TENURE, AND (2) NINE PROPOSITIONS. THE FIRST PROPOSITION IS THAT AN INDIVIDUAL'S WORK ADJUSTMENT AT ANY POINT IN TIME IS DEFINED BY HIS CONCURRENT LEVELS OF SATISFACTORINESS AND SATISFACTION, THE EIGHTH IS THAT TENURE IS A FUNCTION OF SATISFACTORINESS AND SATISFACTION, AND THE NINTH IS THAT THE CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN THE INDIVIDUAL (ABILITIES AND NEEDS) AND THE ENVIRONMENT (ABILITY REQUIREMENTS AND REINFORCER SYSTEM) INCREASES AS A FUNCTION OF TENURE. RESEARCH HYPOTHESES DERIVED FROM THE THEORY MAY BE OF THE CROSS-SECTIONAL, LONGITUDINAL, OR INDIVIDUAL LONGITUDINAL TYPES. THE THEORY IS COMPREHENSIVE IN THAT IT EMBRACES OR INTERPRETS FINDINGS OR CONCEPTS REPORTED IN RELEVANT LITERATURE SUCH AS ADAPTATION, ATTITUDES, EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL FORCES, OCCUPATIONAL PERSONALITY, SELF-ACTUALIZATION, AND VOCATIONAL CHOICE, INTEREST, AND MATURITY. THE THEORY CAN BE USEFUL IN (1) VOCATIONAL COUNSELING PRACTICE, (2) EDUCATION, AND (3) THE SPECIAL PROBLEM AREAS OF DISABILITY, AUTOMATION, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND RETIREMENT. THREE DIAGRAMS ILLUSTRATING THE THEORY ARE INCLUDED. THE FINDINGS EMANATING FROM A CONTINUING CORE RESEARCH PROGRAM BASED ON A MODEL PROVIDED BY THE THEORY ARE REPORTED IN A BULLETIN SERIES ENTITLED "MINNESOTA STUDIES IN VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION." (SL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Industrial Relations Center.
Identifiers: N/A