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ERIC Number: ED018561
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Apr
Pages: 65
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION OF WHITE AND NEGRO YOUTH IN THE CITY OF BALTIMORE, INITIAL EXPERIENCES ON THE LABOR MARKET. INTERIM REPORT-1.
LEVENSON, BERNARD; MEYERS, EDMUND D., JR.
TO REVEAL SOME OF THE FACTORS AND TRENDS BEHIND INEQUALITIES IN EMPLOYMENT, THE EQUAL OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION OF BALTIMORE ENLISTED THE AID OF THE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL RELATIONS AT JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY TO CARRY OUT A SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES OF NEGROES AND WHITES IN BALTIMORE. SOME OF THE QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED WERE--(1) DO NEGROES AND WHITES WITH COMPARABLE EDUCATION RECEIVE COMPARABLE JOBS, AND (2) WHEN NEGROES ARE EMPLOYED IN COMPARABLE JOBS, DO THEY RECEIVE COMPARABLE EARNINGS. THE REPORT IS BASED ON THE SOCIAL SECURITY RECORD OF 1,044 GRADUATES WHO REPRESENT A RANDOM SAMPLE COMPRISING APPROXIMATELY 60 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL GROUP OF HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES WHO COMPLETED COURSES IN 12 TRADES OFFERED AT BOTH MERGENTHALER AND CARVER HIGH SCHOOLS DURING JUNE 1956 TO JUNE 1960. SOME CONCLUSIONS WERE--(1) WHITES EARNED FAR MORE THAN THE NEGROES (FIRST YEAR EMPLOYMENT FOR WHITES WAS $50 PER WEEK WHILE FOR NEGROES IT WAS $11 PER WEEK), (2) THE NEGRO MALES EARNED MORE THAN THE NEGRO FEMALES, (3) DIFFERENCES IN EARNINGS STEMMED FROM DIFFERENCES IN EMPLOYMENT RATES, FOR THE MOST PART, AND (4) DIFFERENCES IN EMPLOYMENT DID NOT ABRUPTLY START AT GRADUATION, BUT CONTINUED A PATTERN THAT WAS WELL UNDER WAY AT GRADUATION. IT WAS RECOMMENDED THAT THE SOURCES OF THE DIFFERENTIALS IN FEMALE AND MALE EMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCED BY THE CARVER AND MERGENTHALER GRADUATES RECEIVE A HIGH RESEARCH PRIORITY. (SL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Bureau of Applied Social Research.
Identifiers: MARYLAND; Maryland (Baltimore)