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ERIC Number: ED018475
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Sep
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOCIAL CLASS DIFFERENCES IN MATERNAL ATTITUDES TOWARD THE TEACHER AND THE SCHOOL.
BEAR, ROBERTA MEYER; AND OTHERS
A STUDY WAS MADE OF MATERNAL BEHAVIOR AS IT AFFECTS THE CHILD'S COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING, ATTITUDES TOWARD LEARNING, AND ROLE CONCEPTION. MOTHERS' RESPONSES TO TWO TASKS WERE USED TO ASSESS THEIR ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR. THE FIRST TASK WAS TO ANSWER A QUESTION ABOUT WHAT THE MOTHERS WOULD DO IF THEY HAD THE POWER TO CHANGE EDUCATION IN THE SCHOOLS, AND THE SECOND TASK REQUIRED AN INTERPRETATION OF A PICTURE OF A MOTHER AND A TEACHER SEATED IN A CLASSROOM. THE SUBJECTS WERE 163 NEGRO NONWORKING MOTHERS OF 4-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN, FROM FOUR SOCIAL STATUS GROUPS--MIDDLE CLASS, UPPER-LOWER, LOWER-LOWER, AND LOWER-LOWER RECEIVING PUBLIC ASSISTANCE. IN CONTRAST TO THE MIDDLE CLASS MOTHERS, THE MOTHERS IN THE LOWER CLASS GROUPS SHOWED AN INABILITY TO COPE WITH AND LITTLE CONCERN FOR PROBLEM-ORIENTED QUESTIONS ABOUT THE SCHOOLS. THEY DEFINED THEIR ROLE WITHIN THE SCHOOL SYSTEM AS PASSIVE, INEFFECTIVE, OR DEFENSIVE. THESE ATTITUDES REFLECT THE MOTHERS' OWN SCHOOL EXPERIENCES, AND IN TURN INFLUENCE THE LOWER CLASS URBAN CHILD TOWARDS A SIMILARLY PASSIVE OR DEFENSIVE RELATIONSHIP WITH HIS SCHOOL. THE FINDINGS OF THIS STUDY SUGGEST A NEED FOR THE RESOCIALIZATION OF THE ENTIRE LOWER CLASS FAMILY. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE SEVENTY-FIFTH ANNUAL CONVENTION OF THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, SEPTEMBER 2-6, 1966, NEW YORK CITY, NEW YORK. (DK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS PROJECT; URBAN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN PROJECT