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ERIC Number: ED018411
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INDIVIDUALIZED READING IN THE LITERATURE PROGRAM.
APPLEBY, BRUCE C.
AS ONE MEANS OF TEACHING LITERATURE, INDIVIDUALIZED READING HAS PROVEN PARTICULARLY EFFECTIVE IN STIMULATING STUDENTS TO READ ON THEIR OWN--AS AN EXPERIENCE RATHER THAN AS AN EXERCISE. INDIVIDUALIZED READING IS A TEACHER-GUIDED PROGRAM IN THE READING OF FICTION WHICH ALLOWS THE STUDENT TO CHOOSE WHAT HE READS OVER A CONTINUOUS PERIOD OF TIME. INDIVIDUAL CONFERENCES ARE HELD PERIODICALLY TO DISCUSS THE BOOKS THE STUDENT HAS READ AND TO CHECK HIS PROGRESS. AFTER ONLY ONE YEAR OF SUCH A COURSE AT THE KEOKUK, IOWA, SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL, 85 PERCENT OF THE INCOMING SENIORS REQUESTED TO TAKE IT. WITH THIS IMPETUS, A STUDY WAS UNDERTAKEN TO DETERMINE WHAT DIFFERENCES EXIST BETWEEN STUDENTS WHO TAKE INDIVIDUALIZED READING AND THOSE WHO DO NOT. TEST 7 OF THE IOWA TESTS OF EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (ITED) AND THE "INVENTORY OF SATISFACTIONS FOUND IN READING FICTION" WERE ADMINISTERED TO STUDENTS IN AN INDIVIDUALIZED READING PROGRAM, TO STUDENTS WHO WANTED THE PROGRAM BUT WEREN'T TAKING IT, AND TO STUDENTS IN A REQUIRED LITERATURE COURSE. EACH GROUP CONTAINED 65 STUDENTS AT FOUR DIFFERENT ABILITY LEVELS. IN THE INVENTORY CATEGORIES OF RELAXATION, ESCAPE, AND ASSOCIATIONAL VALUES, THE INDIVIDUALIZED READING GROUP WAS FAVORED, BUT THE DIFFERENCES WERE NOT STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT. IN THE CATEGORY OF INFORMATION GAINED FROM FICTION, THE DIFFERENCE FAVORED THE INDIVIDUALIZED READING GROUP AND WAS SIGNIFICANT AT THE .01 LEVEL. RESULTS FAVORABLE TO INDIVIDUALIZED READING WERE ALSO SIGNIFICANT IN THE AREA OF SELF-DEVELOPMENT, AS WELL AS FROM THE ITED. WHEN USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH OTHER METHODS OF TEACHING LITERATURE, INDIVIDUALIZED READING APPEARS TO INCREASE STUDENTS' ENJOYMENT OF, FEELING FOR, AND UNDERSTANDING OF LITERATURE. (THIS ADDRESS WAS DELIVERED AT THE 1967 NCTE ANNUAL CONVENTION.) (DL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council of Teachers of English, Champaign, IL.
Identifiers: N/A